99% of Canada has been cold since early May, except this sector

99% of Canada has been cold since early May, except this sector

Tuesday, May 11, 2021 at 6:31 PM – It’s been cold since the beginning of May, all of Canada is left with below normal temperatures, with the exception of an area which is above normal: Nunavut


In short :

  • A boss who allows the cold to slide to Quebec;
  • A start to the month below normal;
  • The trend is reversing.

A cold coming down

The atmospheric pattern has allowed the cold to descend very low in the country, up to the American border, since the beginning of May. Only northern Canada was spared by the trough responsible for the descent of arctic air. Thus, Nunavut is the only sector to record highs and lows above normal since the beginning of the month. On average, minimum temperatures have been warmer than expected for the maximum for this period. In Iqualuit, the average maximum temperature between May 1 and May 9, 2021 was 2.27 ° C, while the average minimum temperature was -2.06 ° C. The average temperature was therefore 0.11 ° C… while the normal is -6.4 ° C.

TEMP IQALUIT

Beginning of month below normal

Since the start of the year, Quebec has recorded above normal temperatures. The beginning of May broke this trend. The mercury remained below normal and there were episodes of freezing on the ground. However, the second half of the month could see the month end near or slightly above normal.

TEMP MONTREAL

Him again…

The main culprit of this generalized cold: the famous blockage of Greenland. This high pressure area remained in this position for most of the winter and spring. The result is not very interesting for Quebec: the trajectory of the high winds prevents the heat from reaching the province.

COLD PATTERN

Return of sweetness

Fortunately for Quebec, a more zonal trajectory of the jet stream will allow the softness to return to Quebec. From Thursday, temperatures will again reach 20 ° C in the south of the province. The mercury should remain near 20 ° C for several days. Although the first third of May was chilly, the month is expected to average near or slightly above normal.

HOT PATTERN


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The Czech authorities can start using the cloud. The Ministry of the Interior has published the supplier

The Czech authorities can start using the cloud.  The Ministry of the Interior has published the supplier

Each ministry now uses a number of information systems, variously developed and expensive, which often do not communicate with the registers and records of other authorities. The long-term goal is for the state to manage unified data centers and platforms, and ministries and authorities will use the individual services they need – such as e-mail, population registers or the property register. However, this will continue.

“The use of cloud services will help speed up the digitization of public administration services, which will have a positive impact on citizens. The citizen will have at his disposal a simple, scalable and secure operating environment for public administration information systems, “said Jiří Korbel, a spokesman for the Ministry of the Interior, which is in charge of eGovernment. According to him, it is not clear how much it will cost, state institutions should order services from their budgets.

The Cloud Computing Catalog is intended to meet the offers of solution providers and the demands of individual offices. A few days ago, the offers of the first six companies that met the security criteria, T-Mobile, Alef Nula, Atos IT Solutions and Services, AutoCont, DNS and exe, appeared here. Businesses can offer solutions in three categories: hardware solutions such as data centers and networks, software programs such as databases and web servers, and finally application services such as e-mail. According to Korbel, solutions from the first two categories will move to the cloud in the first phase.

The only inquirer is now the Ministry of the Interior, which is looking for, for example, a cloud file service solution, which should include, for example, document registration, filing, electronic signing, sealing and shredding. The department’s economy, including budget management, public procurement management and accounting, is also to be transferred to the cloud. In addition, the ministry wants to have internal issues on the cloud, such as salaries, employee attendance, as well as e-mail and intranets.

The interior also expects that all registries that are important for citizens will go to the cloud, such as the registry, the real estate register, land and construction proceedings or the registration of offenses.

“Data in the cloud is backed up and encrypted and protected against cyber attacks many times better than when stored in the repository of one of many public institutions,” says Lenka Axlerová, director of the Microsoft public administration sector. “We can offer the government a cloud solution both in the form of our virtual data center and in the form of services related to Microsoft products Azure and M365,” explains Kateřina Mikesková, a spokesperson for T-Mobile.

Sharing cloud services is ultimately to reduce the cost of using IT services. Many ministries have faced criticism in the past for the expensive purchase and operation of information systems.

The use of the cloud is linked to the law on further electronic procedures of public authorities, nicknamed DEPO, which was returned by the Senate to the Chamber of Deputies at the end of April with minor changes. The National Office for Cyber ​​and Information Security has already completed several follow-up decrees dealing with the criteria for the provision of cloud services or the classification of systems into several security categories.

What could go to the cloud?

Population records – population records with continuous data control and connection to other systems.

Matrix – detailed records of registry and related events, citizenship, name change.

Real estate register – a comprehensive overview of real estate of all types with current data from the cadastral office.

Offenses – records of offenses for an overview and effective solution of all phases of the life cycle of an offense.

Territorial and construction proceedings – support for the activities of the building authority in carrying out activities governed by the Building Act.

Cemetery administration – comprehensive records of graves, deceased, tenants, owners and other cemetery data.

Legalization and sighting – Verification of the literal conformity of the copy or the authenticity of the signature.

The Municipal Police – solution of all phases of misdemeanor proceedings with the possibility of lustration in the register of misdemeanors.

Citizen’s portal – continuous access to selected electronic services to citizens.

Source: Demand from the Ministry of the Interior in the Cloud Computing Catalog

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Viral Photos of Colored Sky Phenomenon After the Earthquake, This is a Scientific Explanation

Viral Photos of Colored Sky Phenomenon After the Earthquake, This is a Scientific Explanation

KOMPAS.com – On social media, photos are circulating showing the closed sky cloud and emitting rainbow colors, Saturday (10/4/2021).

The narrative written by the uploader, this celestial phenomenon occurs after earthquake earth.

Several other Twitter users also posted the same photo, showing clouds with light rays.

As of Sunday (11/4/2021), the photo has been re-shared 62 times and liked more than 565 times by other Twitter users.

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How do you explain this celestial phenomenon?

Head of Mitigation Division Earthquake Earth and Tsunami Agency for Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG) Daryono said the celestial phenomenon had nothing to do with the earthquake that occurred in Malang on last Saturday.

“There is no connection,” said Daryono when contacted Kompas.com, Sunday (11/4/2021).

According to him, the phenomenon of radiance on clouds after the earthquake was just a coincidence.

Phenomenon cloud irisdence

Meanwhile, when contacted separately, Indonesian amateur astronomer, Marufin Sudibyo, said that the cloudy sky phenomenon seen in the photo above and emitting rainbow light is called an irritating atmospheric phenomenon or cloud irisdence.

“This is a pure atmospheric phenomenon due to the presence of a strong light source (the Sun) and a cloud barrier whose edges are thinner,” said Marufin to Kompas.com, Sunday (11/4/2021).

He said that the light appeared considering the angular distance between the colors seen and the position of the Sun was relatively small (less than 45 degrees).

Marufin explained that this phenomenon is the same as when someone plays soap bubbles in a bright place during the day.

In the bubble, you will see rainbow colors glow caused by the diffraction of sunlight by nanoparticles that make up a thin layer of soap bubbles.

“Because sunlight is a combination of rainbow colors, when it is diffracted it will form rainbow colors as well. Not as dark and light patterns,” he continued.

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Related phenomena cloud irisdence which happened on Saturday (10/4/2021) afternoon, Marufin said, it happened when the sunlight was blocked by high clouds.

Then, the edges are quite thin and are composed of water droplets or micro ice crystals. At that time, light diffraction occurred.

Marufin explained that when the light from the diffraction products is transmitted to Earth until it reaches the observer’s eye, it will appear as rainbow colors.

The appearance of a rainbow of colors is determined by the size of the ice crystals.

“If the crystal grains are bigger, what will be formed is the halo (halo) phenomenon,” said Marufin.

In contrast to the fire rainbow

It is necessary to know, said Marufin, a phenomenon cloud irisdence different from the phenomenon of the rainbow fire.

He explained, fire rainbows are not a celestial phenomenon because actually fire rainbows occur in the Earth’s atmosphere.

“The fire rainbow occurs through a mechanism similar to that of the Halo Sun enomene, which is the refraction of the Sun’s light by micro-ice grains with a hexagonal plate structure in high clouds such as Cloud Cirrus, “ujar Marufin.

“So the formation process is similar to a rainbow. It’s just that in a rainbow, the position of the Sun is behind us while the raindrops are in front of us,” he continued.

Furthermore, the rays of the sun are refracted by the raindrops and then reflected perfectly so that the direction is the opposite of the direction of the sun’s light.

The process forms a semicircular arc of light equipped with a rainbow color component.

There is no factor from the earthquake

From this explanation, Marufin revealed, a phenomenon cloud irisdence does not occur because of the earthquake.

This sky phenomenon appears during the day and there are scattered clouds with high tops such as cumulus / altocumulus clouds in the central and eastern parts of Java.

“If this factor does not exist, then we think that it may be related to earthquakes. Because these factors exist and they occur more frequently, then the relationship with earthquakes cannot be withdrawn,” said Marufin.

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The Process of Forming Clouds and Their Types

The Process of Forming Clouds and Their Types

Suara.com – When it’s sunny, cloud looks so beautiful with a combination of white and blue which is so contrasting. If you ask how clouds form, here’s an explanation the process of forming clouds and types.

The cloud itself is a mass of condensed water droplets (ice crystals). Because they are light, they float in the atmosphere. According to Nasa (National Aeronautics and Space Administration, this condensation occurs due to condensation).

Please note, air contains water vapor. The water vapor then overflows into droplets of water to form clouds. Here is the cloud formation process that you need to know.

1. Hot air contains water vapor

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It is known that hot air contains water vapor in the air. Then the hot air overflows until it is in the lowest temperature layer. Then, the steam melts and forms a cloud.

2. Clouds are formed

The process of forming clouds and their types – photo as an illustration. (Pixabay / Free-Photos)

After the cloud is formed, the water droplets contained in the cloud will get bigger so that the cloud becomes heavier. Slowly, the earth’s gravitational force will pull the clouds down to a level, then the grains become rain.

3. Clouds disappear

It should also be noted, if the water droplets are brought into contact with hot air, then the water droplets will evaporate which makes the clouds disappear. This is what makes the cloud shape change often. The water contained in the clouds will alternately evaporate and melt.

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The factor of cloud formation is influenced by a number of elements. The elements are wind, air pressure, air humidity, and cloud form (air mass, cloud temperature, air motion).

1. High Clouds

This type of high cloud means a cloud that is at an altitude of about 6 -12 kilometers above sea level. This type of cloud consists of ice crystals and has a number of categories, namely: cirrus, cirrostratus, and cirrocumulus.

2. Medium Cloud

This type of intermediate cloud means clouds that are at an altitude of about 3-6 kilometers above sea level (above sea level). The types of intermediate clouds are: Altocumulus and Altostratus.

3. Low Clouds

This type of low cloud means clouds that are at an altitude below 3 kilometers above sea level. The groups that enter this type of cloud are: stracomulus, stratus, and nimbostratus.

4. Clouds Due to Rising Air

Clouds due to rising air mean clouds that are at an altitude of about 500 to 1500 masl (meters above sea level). The categories for this type of cloud are: Cumulus and Cumulonimbus.

This is the information about the cloud formation process and its types. Hopefully this information is useful for readers.

Contributors: Ulil Azmi |

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