Here are some things to know about the immune system. (See graphic: Immunization is Very Important to Strengthen Immunity from Children to Adults)
1. The gut works as a guard
The largest part of the human immune system is in the digestive tract or intestine. According to the data, the digestive tract is also the part of the immune system that works the hardest. This section also continues to distinguish good and bad bacteria to maintain general body health. (Also read: Tempe is a dietary food and can keep the intestines healthy)
2. It is rarely wrong
For the majority of healthy people, the immune system adapts by constantly changing and responding to new germs, be they viruses, bacteria or parasites, every day. Continuous exposure to these germs makes the immune system continue to study germs and build strength to fight them. (Also read: Myths and Facts About Food That Can Spread the Corona Virus)
However, in rare cases, errors can occur that cannot differentiate between germs and healthy cells. Immune system disorders also make our bodies more susceptible to infection.
3. Improve the immune system
Having a healthy lifestyle is the most effective way to keep the immune system working optimally. This means we have to get enough sleep, exercise regularly, eat healthy foods, manage stress, and not smoke. (Also read: Difficult to lose weight? You can live these 2 diet patterns)
4. Antibodies are our army
When the body detects germs or foreign substances that trigger an immune system response, the body makes antibodies. Once antibodies are formed, it will remember the type of foreign substance and make a fight so that the foreign substance does not attack again. Understanding the function of these antibodies leads to vaccination. (Also read: Antibody Production and Resistance, Big Challenges for Covid-19 Vaccine Developers)
5. The best period of the thymus gland
The thymus gland, located behind the sternum, between the lungs, is responsible for producing white blood cells or lymphocytes (T cells). Immature T cells are sent to the thymus for maturation and become a very important part of the immune system.