Build “a large public service of inclusive school”. Since the start of the 2019 school year, Jean-Michel Blanquer has raised the inclusion of students with disabilities to the rank of government priority. An entire chapter of the law of July 26, 2019 for a “school of trust” devoted to inclusion has also established the ambition of the education of these students with special needs.
In practice, however, it would seem that the departmental directorate of National Education prefers an obsolete circular dating from 2015 to the law concerning Ulis (Localized School Inclusion Unit). An interpretation of the hierarchy of standards that the unions of the first degree did not fail to raise during the last technical committee of school map last Friday.
According to the latter, when counting the overall enrollment of schools, which then makes it possible to establish an average of students per class and thus guides the opening or closing of a post, the academic inspectorate would remove from the calculation the pupils integrated into Ulis systems (localized school inclusion unit). Mechanically lowering the school average.
However, the principle of inclusive education as desired by the Minister of National Education is to mix these students as often as possible in so-called normal classes.
“A class of 30 to accommodate autistic students is not feasible”
“They explained to us that they were removing the students from Ulis to count the school’s overall enrollment. They calculate on the contrary of the law, whereas if this one has evolved it is because the National Education realized that what provided for the circular was problematic to take care in benevolence these pupils with needs individuals in classes already at the threshold limit ”, denounces Luc Bénizeau, representative of Snudi-FO 94.
As proof, he cites the example of the Jean-Vilar school of which he is director in Villejuif. Supporting letter from the district inspector: “Without the Ulis students, the school average is 26, against 26.95 if we integrate them. I have the case of CP classes with 28 students, when the CP level students at Ulis are in a so-called normal environment, we go to 30 students, to welcome autistic students that is not easily feasible. “
Les Ulis integrated into school staff according to the law
It is moreover motivated by this guideline that the law for the school of confidence now provides in its article 25 that “the pupils accompanied within the framework of these devices are counted in the school enrollments. “
The provision was recalled in the official journal of the senate by the ministry last December in its response to the written question from Senator LR du Rhône Élisabeth Lamure: “Pupils benefiting from the Ulis system are taken into account in the overall enrollment of schools and schools ”.
If the departmental direction of National Education of Val-de-Marne does not recognize this illegal counting system, it recalls that “the supervision rates are assessed on a case-by-case basis of the schools according to the reception of the pupils in special needs. They take into account the Ulis which are devices and not classes which benefit from their own coordinator ”. And highlights the 2015 circular relating to Les Ulis which “places the teacher as a coordinator who supports the educational dimension of inclusion within the team”.
Recourse and mobilizations to enforce the law
The case of the Saint-Exupéry school in Maisons-Alfort put forward by Snudi-Fo shows the opposite, however. The school, which has three Ulis for a total of 26 pupils with special needs, has 286 pupils divided into 11 ordinary classes. If we do not take Les Ulis into account, the overall average is 26 students per class. But reached 28.36 students if the Ulis are counted. “Well above the departmental benchmark of 27 students per class and which should lead to an additional opening. Which is not the case and therefore which is against the law. It would thus seem that the law is still not applied in our department ”, concludes Luc Bénizeau who deplores this framework which does not make it possible to properly take charge of these pupils in need of inclusion.
The Snuipp-FSU 94 denounces the same irregularity and a joint mobilization is under discussion for the next few weeks. The majority union will initiate “where appropriate the necessary remedies to enforce the law”.
In secondary education, the colleges mobilized since the start of the school year face the same problem and highlight the difficulties of including students with specific needs in classes of 30 students. This is particularly the case at the Plaisance college in Créteil, mobilized from the first days of the start of the school year to demand the opening of an additional class or even the Molière college in Chennevières.
“The increase in enrollment in the 4th year in particular will prevent the inclusion of students from Ulis while we are dealing with increasingly heavy cases that must be included in classes of 30 students. It is an unprecedented situation that worries us and that puts teachers and these students in difficulty, ”points out a teacher on strike on Tuesday.