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Vaccines Proven Effective in Stopping the Spread of Infectious Diseases

Jakarta, Padangkita.com – Vaccines are an effective prevention against infection, because they are able to protect specifically. One of the proofs of the success of the vaccine is the elimination of smallpox (variola) since the 1900s.

Previously, 1 in 3 sufferers of smallpox disease died. The world is also able to eliminate measles and polio, including in Indonesia through vaccines so that they are now polio-free. This is clear evidence of the success of immunization with high coverage.

The process of making a vaccine is a complex biotechnological process. Initially, researchers or vaccine makers determine vaccine seeds. Second, when you have got the right vaccine candidate, then tested on animals to determine its safety and effectiveness. When it is proven safe and effective in animals, then it is tested on humans known as Phase I, II, and III clinical trials.

“The goal of this clinical trial process is to ensure the safety of the vaccines being tested, because when we talk about vaccines there is no bargaining about safety, that’s absolute. Second, we just talked about effectiveness, “explained dr. Dirga Sakti Rambe. At the Productive Dialogue themed Vaccines: Effective and Safe Public Health Interventions, organized by the Committee for Handling COVID-19 and National Economic Recovery (KPCPEN), Tuesday (3/11/2020).

Currently, the government plans to present and produce a Covid-19 vaccine in Indonesia, to stop the spread and reduce morbidity and mortality due to Covid-19. Being a Covid-19 sufferer is not a pleasant experience, as told by Stevanus Grandy Budiawan, a Covid-19 survivor with his entire family.

Even though he has mild symptoms and can recover by doing self-isolation at home, Stevanus Grandy Budiawan never forgets to consult a doctor if there is a change in symptoms in himself and his family members.

Stevanus, who has now recovered from Covid-19, said that the precautionary principle must not be relaxed. “We continue to carry out the protocol as before we experienced Covid-19. I use one principle that is used in the family. Assume that the other person dealing with us is someone without symptoms (OTG). We don’t know the person is sick or not. If they don’t wear masks, we say, please wear the masks when talking to me, “he explained.

Dirga Sakti Rambe also responded well to the calm and positive attitude of the Stevanus family in the face of the Covid-19 pandemic.

“We recommend that you continue to consult with a doctor to determine whether it is feasible to be self-isolated, centralized isolation, or to be hospitalized. After consulting a doctor, just took medicine. Don’t take the initiative to take your own medicines, especially those that are antibiotics, that’s not allowed, “suggested Dirga Sakti Rambe.

Even though it is declared cured, it is necessary to be careful because of reports of being re-infected with the Covid-19 virus. The 3M protocol, wearing masks, keeping your distance, and washing your hands must continue to be disciplined.

“The duration, antibody protection of the COVID-19 virus is still under study. Currently undergoing clinical trials. The point is that we still have to do 3M, even though we have been infected with Covid-19, “explained Dirga Sakti Rambe.

Also read: Vorologists: Technologies Help Vaccines Find More Faster

Various evidences have shown that vaccines are the most effective way to prevent infectious diseases. The government is currently waiting for data on the results of the Phase III clinical trial for the Covid-19 vaccine. Therefore, the caution taken by the government is the right step to produce a safe and effective Covid-19 vaccine. [pkt]

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