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EU Reaches Political Agreement on Artificial Intelligence Regulations

Members of the European Parliament, representatives of member states and experts from the European Commission have reached a political agreement on an artificial intelligence (AI) law, the EU’s first attempt to regulate the new technology.

This, as European Pravda writes, reports Politico.

After more than 36 hours of negotiations over three days, representatives of the three EU institutions managed to reach agreement on controversial issues such as predictive use, facial recognition and the use of artificial intelligence by law enforcement agencies.

It is expected that more technical work will be required on the text of the law to improve the political agreement reached.

“The EU becomes the first continent to set clear rules for the use of AI,” said European Commissioner for the Internal Market Thierry Breton.

“The AI ​​Act is much more than a set of rules, it is a launching pad for EU start-ups and researchers to lead the global AI race,” he added.

MP Dragos Tudoras, one of the co-rapporteurs of the AI ​​law in the European Parliament, said: “We are the first in the world to establish real regulation for [ИИ] and for a future digital world driven by AI, guiding the development and evolution of this technology in a human-centric direction.”

As AFP writes, the emergence of the ChatGPT system at the end of last year, a text generator from the Californian company OpenAI, capable of writing essays, poems or translations in a matter of seconds, had a decisive influence on the beginning of the negotiation process.

This system, like systems capable of creating sounds or images, introduced the world to the enormous potential of artificial intelligence, but also certain risks. For example, the spread of fake photographs on social networks has shown the danger of manipulating public opinion.

At the heart of the EU draft is a list of rules that apply only to systems that are considered “high risk” and used primarily in sensitive areas such as critical infrastructure, education, human resources, law enforcement and the like. These systems will have a number of responsibilities, such as ensuring human control of the machine, drawing up technical documentation or implementing a risk management system.

The legislation provides for the introduction of special supervision over artificial intelligence systems that interact with humans. It will force them to inform the user that he is interacting with the machine.

The document also provides for rare application of bans, which will concern mainly those applications that are contrary to European values. An example that should not be followed is China, where there are systems for assessing citizens, mass surveillance or remote biometric identification of people in public places. Regarding the last point, however, EU countries have been given leeway for certain types of law enforcement activities, such as counter-terrorism.

The agreement also stipulates that European legislation will be equipped with surveillance measures and sanctions, and a European Office for Artificial Intelligence will be created within the European Commission. For the most serious offences, fines of up to 7 percent of turnover will be imposed, with a lower limit of 35 million euros.

Previously Germany, France and Italy reached an agreement about how artificial intelligence should be regulated in the future.

Before this, Britain’s National Cyber ​​Security Center said that artificial intelligence poses a threat for the country’s next parliamentary elections, and cyber attacks by enemy countries and their proxies are becoming increasingly difficult to track.

As a reminder, UK, USA, EU, Australia and China agreed that that artificial intelligence poses a potentially catastrophic danger to humanity, concluding the first international declaration dedicated to this fast-growing technology.

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2023-12-09 06:23:00
#hours #negotiations #reached #agreement #law #artificial #intelligence

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