Symptoms of kidney disease, prevention, and course of the disease

KOMPAS.com – Kidney become one of the vital organs in the human body, which functions to dispose of metabolic waste in the body. Symptoms of disease kidney can be detected by several factors.

Kidney illness is the 10th leading cause of death in Indonesia, with the number of deaths exceeding 42,000 per year.

For information, all processes in the body will be excreted through the liver and kidneys. Excretion from the kidneys is channeled through the urine, while disposal from the liver is excreted through the anus.

In addition to producing urine, the kidneys also function to maintain fluid balance, such as when the air temperature is cold, the body will urinate more often, whereas if the air temperature is hot it will feel lack of fluids.

Chairman of the Indonesian Nephrology Association (Pernefir) Dr. Zulkhair Ali said, if the kidneys do not work then there will be kidney failure.

The most common kidney diseases experienced are kidney stones, kidney infection, kidney inflammation, kidney due to diabetes, kidney due to hypertension, kidney due to lupus, and kidney due to polycystic disease.

Also read: Chronic kidney disease, causes, symptoms, and how to prevent it

These diseases can reduce kidney functionwhere kidney function is divided into two, namely kidney disorders acute and Kidney illness chronic. On chronic kidney diseasethere is an acute phase on chronic.

“What is interesting is that in acute kidney disease, the patient’s symptoms look very severe but can recover completely. While chronic kidney disease, the patient does not feel anything, there are no symptoms, but when it is severe, finally he has to do dialysis and cannot be cured,” explained Zulkhair in a written statement on the Ministry of Health (Kemenkes) website quoted by Kompas.com, Tuesday (22nd). /3/2022).

He added that chronic kidney disease is a global health problem because the prevalence of kidney failure is increasing day by day. Not only that, this disease is progressive and irreversible, has a high mortality rate, and is expensive.

Early detection of kidney disease begins with identifying the causes kidney diseasewhich most often occurs due to hypertension, diabetes, and inflammation of the kidneys.

There are several symptoms of chronic kidney disease, such as:

  • Nauseous
  • Itching
  • Hard to breathe
  • Anemia
  • Hypertension

However, symptom-kidney disease symptoms it only appears after an advanced stage or an advanced stage.

Also read: Kidney disease in Indonesia has doubled, can it be prevented?

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