Academics revealed the research, increasing the tax on cigarettes every 10 baht, reducing acute heart attack 5%, while the public prohibition measures help reduce 13% and reduce the cost of patient care 1,500 million baht.
On January 24, 2021 Dr. Ruengruedee Pathavanich, MD. Lecturer, Department of Community Medicine The Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital revealed that new research was published in the academic journal PLOS ONE, which looked at the effects of raising cigarette taxes. And measures to prohibit smoking in public places of Thailand on the rate of acute ischemic heart disease or acute myocardial infarction between 2006-2017 found that every 10 baht of the price of cigarettes increases reduces the incidence of acute ischemic heart disease. 5% down in the Thai population younger than 45, especially among men with higher smoking rates than women. It was also found that The announcement of a public ban on smoking has reduced the incidence of acute ischemic heart disease in Thai people under 45 by 13%.
Dr. Ruengruedee, M.D. Said that nowadays Thai people are found at a lower risk of dying from ischemic heart disease. The cause of acute ischemic heart disease in people younger than 45 years is mainly due to health risk behavior, especially smoking. According to the data, 90% of people younger than 45 years with acute ischemic heart disease have a history of smoking. Smoking increases the risk of coronary heart failure or hardening. This makes it more vulnerable to rupture or rupture in the inner wall of the artery that is severely damaged. Until the cause of acute ischemic heart disease in the end
“Research shows that Thai tobacco control measures, including tax increases and restrictions on non-smoking areas, reduce smoking and the loss of acute ischemic heart disease resulting from smoking. Causing Thailand to reduce the cost of caring for patients with such ailments by more than 1,500 million baht during the years 2010-2017 ” Dr. Ruengruedee, M.D. say
side Dr. Stanton Glance Former Director of the Center for Tobacco Control Research The University of California, San Francisco, a co-investigator on the study, said that higher tobacco taxes and a public ban on smoking are the same. This is a measure that the World Health Organization has raised as a cost-effective and effective tobacco control measure. He studied information from many countries that issued such measures. The same result was found to reduce the incidence of acute ischemic heart disease. This is a disease that occurs suddenly and is a direct result of smoking. Especially in young people Because they are more susceptible to higher cigarette prices when the tax increases.
“As for the measure to prohibit smoking in public places It will reduce the illness of people who have been exposed to secondhand smoke. Which outnumber people who smoke The vast majority of people exposed to secondhand smoke are younger people who have been exposed to secondhand smoke since childhood. Dr Stanton say
While Dr. Prakit Wathee Sathokkit, MD. The secretary of the Campaign for Non-Smoking Foundation said most people understand that Tobacco control measures take longer to see results. Therefore lacking enthusiasm for compliance and law enforcement But this research suggests that Tobacco control measures, such as a public ban on smoking and a cigarette tax hike It can contribute to short-term reduction of morbidity and mortality.
Professor Prakit Continued that the law prohibiting smoking in public places can reduce sudden heart attacks. This is because exposure to secondhand smoke, even for a short time, has immediate effects on the cardiovascular system. By making the platelets stick together easier There is inflammation of the vascular wall cells. And the blood supply to the heart is reduced Which are all factors that increase the risk of sudden heart attack from acute ischemic heart disease
“This research is a warning for smokers to stop harming others. By not smoking where the law prohibits smoking, including in the home, the relevant government officials must take more seriously the public smoking ban than they are. This will greatly reduce the number of people who will die from a heart attack. ” Professor Prakit say