35-Year-Old Female Teacher Diagnosed with Autoimmune Encephalitis Causing Dementia

35-Year-Old Female Teacher Diagnosed with Autoimmune Encephalitis Causing Dementia

A 35-year-old female teacher suddenly developed symptoms of dementia and was taken to the hospital for examination by her family. As a result, she was diagnosed with “autoimmune encephalitis” caused by “Sjögren’s syndrome”. (Image/Unsplash)

Dementia is no longer exclusive to the elderly. A female English teacher in Jiangsu, mainland China, suddenly developed symptoms of dementia one day. She could not even remember a single word in English for three days. Her family hurriedly took her to the local hospital, where she was pronounced dead. Detected to have autoimmune dementia.

According to “Lu Media Report”, a 35-year-old woman from Yangzhou recently developed symptoms of suspected dementia. She is an English teacher by profession, but she can’t even remember her most familiar English words. When her family found out something was wrong, they took her away. Go to the Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University for examination.

It is reported that Xu Xiaotian, deputy director of the Department of Neurology at the Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University, said, “The patient already had symptoms of dementia when he came here, and he didn’t even know who he was.” After the hospital performed a brain MRI on the woman, the examination showed that the left side of her head was Abnormalities in the parieto-occipital and temporal lobes showed high signals. However, considering that the patient was a young man, the clinical manifestations were rapidly progressive dementia, and there were abnormal lesion signals on imaging. After testing related indicators in the cerebrospinal fluid, the clinical diagnosis was initially diagnosed as autoimmune encephalitis. of dementia.

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Xu Xiaotian said that autoimmune encephalitis is mainly due to abnormalities in the autoimmune system, which produces specific antibodies that attack one’s own brain tissue. Patients with autoimmune encephalitis will have cold-like symptoms before the onset of the disease, and then develop symptoms such as “cognitive impairment”, “psychiatric behavioral abnormalities”, “memory loss”, “epilepsy”, “language impairment”, etc. symptom.

According to reports, the female teacher’s dementia symptoms were quickly relieved 5 days after the doctor administered immune globulin. However, even so, Xu Xiaotian still believes that we should not slack off. “The root cause has not been found yet, so there is a risk of recurrence.” After rheumatism and immunity, After a joint consultation, it was finally determined that the female teacher suffered from “autoimmune encephalitis” caused by “Sjögren’s syndrome”, which caused symptoms of dementia. Currently, the female teacher has been transferred from the Department of Neurology to the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, and is receiving long-term drug treatment for chronic diseases, in order to stop the recurrence of similar symptoms from the root cause.

Xu Xiaotian said that more than 10 million people in the world have dementia, among which Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type, and young people may also suffer from it. Alzheimer’s disease is not the same as Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease is just dementia. One type of dementia accounts for 60% to 70% of all dementia cases.

He further explained that dementia is caused by a variety of factors, including “neurodegenerative diseases (such as Alzheimer’s disease)”, “vascular dementia”, “brain injury”, “autoimmune diseases”, ” Blood infectious diseases” etc.

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2023-09-22 04:23:51

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