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The Dangers of Water Play: Eye and Ear Diseases from Swimming

Enter 2023.07.14 06:50 Modify 2023.07.14 08:32 Hits 30 Enter 2023.07.14 06:50 Modify 2023.07.14 08:32 Hits 30

[사진= 게티이미지뱅크]Water play is the most popular summer sport. However, playing in the water causes various diseases to the eyes and ears. Water parks and swimming pools crowded with more people are more of a problem than rivers or the sea. Special attention should be paid to various types of conjunctivitis and acute and chronic otitis externa.

The conjunctiva is a tissue that surrounds the eye from the outside, and is divided into the bulbar conjunctiva, which is the white of the eye, and the black conjunctiva, which looks dark pink when the upper eyelid is turned over or the lower eyelid is pulled. Chlorine used to disinfect swimming pool water can often cause chronic conjunctivitis. In this case, the eyes are reddened and itchy, sometimes painful, and the eyelids are heavy, making it difficult to open the eyes properly. not contagious

The ear canal, which is the passageway from the entrance of the ear hole to the eardrum, is covered with skin, and the underside of the skin contains pores, sweat glands, sebaceous glands, nerves, and blood vessels. If your ears feel itchy, choking, and burning after a swim, it’s likely that you have otitis externa in the early stages. If you touch your ear or pick it with a cotton swab, the wound on the skin will grow and exacerbate otitis externa.

Swimming pool disinfectant causes chronic conjunctivitis

Epidemic conjunctivitis causes congestion, pain, tearing, and severe foreign body sensation at the beginning of the onset, and then complains of glare after an incubation period of about 3 to 5 days. There is swelling and pain in the lymph glands in front of the ear, and in the acute stage, eyelid swelling or severe congestion of the conjunctiva occurs. Acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis, which is common in summer, should also be taken into consideration. In 1969, when the Apollo 11 satellite was launched, it was first reported in Ghana, and is called ‘Apollo eye disease’. Subjective symptoms include eye pain, glare, foreign body sensation, and tearing, and conjunctival hyperemia, eyelid edema, subconjunctival hemorrhage, and conjunctival edema appear.

Epidemic conjunctivitis and Apollo eye disease require antibiotic eye drops. If the eyelids are severely swollen, use anti-inflammatory drugs, and if you have keratitis, use corticosteroid eye drops. Prevention of infection is important along with treatment. Infectious conjunctivitis is mainly transmitted by direct contact through secretions or media such as towels and clothes. It can also be transmitted by unclean water, so be especially careful in swimming pools.

If you have a highly contagious eye disease, you should use towels, soap, pillows, etc. separately and avoid using eye drops together so as not to pass it on to your family. It is necessary to take precautions in advance, such as not touching your eyes with dirty hands, using soap to wash your hands thoroughly, and avoiding crowded places such as swimming pools during eye disease epidemics.

What if your ears are itchy and stuffy after swimming?

Otitis externa symptoms are three beats: itching, otorrhea (inflammatory discharge coming out of the ear), and pain. Pruritus is the most common symptom of otitis externa and is characteristically present before the onset of acute pain. In acute otitis externa, itching and a feeling of fullness in the ear (feeling that the ear is full or blocked) often appear before the inflammation becomes severe. If you suspect symptoms of otitis externa, it is good to quickly find an otolaryngologist and seek treatment. Otitis externa is prescribed a treatment according to the duration of the disease, the degree of symptoms, and each cause.

Itching is the most characteristic symptom of chronic otitis externa. If you have itching, you will often touch or scratch your ear. If the ear is itchy and the ear is touched or pricked with a cotton swab, the itching is reduced for the time being, but the skin wound is enlarged and otitis externa is further aggravated. Pain can range from mild discomfort to severe pain. Since the skin of the ear canal is directly connected to the periosteum or perichondrium, if progressive edema occurs in the dermis (the part just below the epithelium), the surrounding cartilage or bone compresses the nerve, causing severe pain even with a small wound. If otorrhea is discharged from the ear canal, you should immediately go to the hospital. According to Seoul National University Hospital, bacterial culture tests at this time mostly detect Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

2023-07-13 21:52:39

#eyes #ears #itchy #sore #playing #water

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