Roman Fertility God Priapus: Unique Stone Relief with Historical Significance Discovered

Therefore, the archaeologists think that the stone relief represents the Roman fertility god Priapus, who is invariably depicted with a huge member and often with a cornucopia.

The relief may therefore have been an attempt to make a good impression on Priapus, for example in times of bad harvests. Or maybe a man simply asked the god for help because his wife didn’t get pregnant.

Parts of relief are missing

The relief measures 57 by 42 cm, but according to the archaeologists it may have contained other motifs, because the top quarter is missing.

Nevertheless, it is a unique find, which Professor Jesús Moratalla, who led the excavation, calls “a relief of incredible historical importance.”

Priapus was also a Roman god who brought good luck, and this may also have been the purpose of the relief.

The fortress in which it was found appears to have been built by rebels during the Sertorian War (80-72 BC), a civil war between insurgents and the Roman Senate led by Sulla.

Whether the rebels’ prayers to Priapus worked is hard to say. They lost the civil war, but the Roman general Pompey treated them very humanely and allowed most of them to live, which was not usual when Rome put down a rebellion.

2023-06-03 05:39:50
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