2 hours ago
It’s all about the genes
Scientists have identified early symptoms of one of the most severe and little-studied forms of dementia – frontotemporal dementia. This disease affects the brain in areas responsible for personality, behavior and speech, which is different from the well-known Alzheimer’s disease. According to experts, a third of patients with this disease have a genetic link.
In its early stages, frontotemporal dementia may not cause memory loss, making it difficult to diagnose. Symptoms of the disease can be mistaken for depression or stress.
Among the first signs of frontotemporal dementia:
• decrease in motivation;
• lack of interest in previously favorite things;
• inappropriate behavior;
• decrease in empathy;
• obsessive or repetitive behavior;
• changes in eating or drinking behavior;
• difficulties with planning, organizing and making decisions;
• lack of awareness of changes in oneself.
Symptoms of primary progressive aphasia, another subtype of frontotemporal dementia, affect speech rather than behavior. These symptoms include difficulty remembering and understanding words, gradual loss of vocabulary, and difficulty carrying on a conversation.
One of the main risk factors for the development of dementia is age. However, international studies show that a healthy lifestyle, regular exercise and adequate sleep can significantly reduce the risk of developing the disease.
Treatment and diagnosis of frontotemporal dementia requires an individual approach to each patient, such as assessment of symptoms, mental tasks, blood tests, brain scans, and lumbar puncture. There is currently no specific cure for dementia, but treatment can help manage individual symptoms.
Do not forget that dementia is an invisible disease that can develop over several years and requires qualified medical attention. Therefore, at the first manifestations of the disease, it is necessary to consult a specialist for diagnosis and prescription of complex treatment.