Ministry of Science and Technology Prepares Implementation Plan for Zero Emission Technology Development Strategy such as Hydrogen and CCUS

[월간수소경제 박상우 기자] The government has prepared a strategic implementation plan that includes the direction of the development of zero-emission technologies such as the capture, storage and use of hydrogen and carbon dioxide.

On the 21st, the Ministry of Science and ICT held the 5th special committee on zero-emission technology and announced that the “zero-emission technology innovation strategy” has been implemented in four areas: hydrogen supply, capture technology/ carbon storage/use, carbon-free energy supply, and green vehicles. The bill has been deliberated and passed.

The agenda presented this time, the “Zero Carbon Impact Technology Innovation Implementation Plan”, was held at the “Zero Carbon Impact Green Growth Committee” held on October 26, and was the result of the “Zero Carbon Green Growth Technology Innovation Strategy”, which contains the new government’s carbon neutral technology development direction and is part of the follow-up.

Zero Emissions Technology Innovation Strategy Implementation Plan sets clear missions and goals for the country beyond R&D based on previous documents and patents, and if the technology acquisition is successful at each stage, the subsequent development is supported and applied to the field. It is designed in such a way that it aims to implement true carbon-neutral technology on site.

This time, in connection with the “Future Strategy of Hydrogen Technology” announced on the 10th, △Supply of hydrogen △Supply of carbon-free energy △Capture of carbon dioxide, which is a key means of reducing carbon in industrial and energy sectors, including the field of green vehicles, is closely related to hydrogen · Implementation plans have been established for a total of four areas, including storage and utilization technologies.

Hydrogen is attracting attention as a key means of achieving carbon neutrality from energy conversion to industry, and the 2030 hydrogen production and supply target is 1.94 million tonnes per year, and by 2050, it will be expanded to 27.9 million tons per year, enabling the transition to a hydrogen society: it is urgent to build an ecosystem for

As a result, in order to promote the hydrogen industry No. 1 in the world, plans to guarantee the basic technologies through technological innovation in the entire production and distribution cycle.

The government is upgrading the technology to gradually expand domestic hydrogen production capacity in connection with renewable energy, from 1 to 2 MW in 2025 → 10 MW in 2028 → 100 MW or more after 2028. It also plans to develop materials high durability base and parts at the same time.

In addition, the hydrogen distribution base will challenge the global market by locating liquefied hydrogen technology, which is monopolized by the world’s leading companies by 2030, and will localize key technologies such as ammonia-hydrogen extraction plants, receiving bases of liquid hydrogen and pipelines for hydrogen-only networks to create a hydrogen ecosystem. We will complete it.

To this end, the government recently invested approximately KRW 334.5 billion in R&D budget for four years from 2020 to 2023 and will continue to invest in expanding hydrogen production capacity and hydrogen distribution infrastructure. .

CO2 capture/storage/use is a key strategic means for decarbonization due to the nature of Korea’s industrial structure with high CO2 emissions and requires ambitious targets.

Also, as the global carbon dioxide capture/storage/use market is starting to be activated, the company plans to occupy the global market by timely securing the core technologies through the development of innovative technologies.

As a result, the government will gradually expand the national CO2 capture capacity to the level of the world’s leading countries: 70,000 tons per year in 2025 → 4 million tons per year in 2030 → 10 million tons per year after 2030, and will become the third country in the world to successfully inject carbon dioxide into the sea and, based on that, plans to leapfrog as the country managing the world’s largest deposit.

Also, in the field of carbon utilization, which is not easy to commercialize even in leading countries, advancing the carbon conversion/utilization technology to quickly build a successful case and achieve 100% price competitiveness for products of carbon dioxide conversion/use relative to the existing market price by 2040. We plan to actively promote breakthrough technology innovation.

To this end, it recently invested approximately KRW 363.7 billion in its R&D budget from 2020 to 2023 and plans to continue investing in three areas: carbon capture, storage and utilization.

Carbon-free power is attracting attention as a means to realize carbon neutrality and ensure stable baseline power generation in the power sector. It has a plan to expand carbon gas turbines to 21.5% of the total.

As a result, the government is upgrading the technology to gradually expand the rate of replacing some coal with ammonia in coal-fired power generation from 20% in 2027 to 50% in 2030 and to replace liquefied natural gas with l ‘hydrogen in liquefied natural gas power generation ( hydrogen hybrid , hydrogen power plant) and plans to connect it to the demonstration in 2028.

In addition, the hydrogen fuel cell will develop a technology that can be used as a combined power generation system or cogeneration by 2028 to realize a highly efficient power generation system.

Green cars are also a key means of achieving carbon neutrality in the automotive sector and have a goal of supplying a total of 4.5 million units by 2030.

In particular, in the case of electric vehicles, compared with internal combustion engine vehicles, trouble-free mileage and battery stability are required, so complete the demonstration of new generation battery vehicles such as lithium sulfur and lithium metal batteries before 2030, and suppress battery fires by 2026 in parallel with technological development.

Furthermore, by 2025, it plans to locate the core technologies (power converters, etc.) for 400 kW super-fast charging, which can reduce the charging time to 1/3 of the current level. Furthermore, by 2025, hydrogen vehicles will deliver durable fuel cell technology that will have a lifespan equivalent to that of internal combustion engine vehicles.

The zero-emissions technology innovation strategy implementation plan established this time will be used for the future national R&D investment direction and national R&D preliminary feasibility study first, and will be periodically redesigned (plan rollion) in consideration of changes in technology and political situations in the future. , from 1 to 2 years).

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