HPV Vaccination Should Start in Grade 5 or 6 Elementary School

Merdeka.com – Cervical cancer is one of the health problems experienced by quite a lot of women. This health problem can be prevented early on by giving the HPV vaccine.

In order to welcome National Health Day, the Indonesian Coalition to Prevent Cervical Cancer (KICKS) is collaborating with the DKI Health Office Jakarta held an Educational Activity “Towards a Cervical Cancer-Free Indonesia 2030”. This activity aims to invite women and parents in Indonesia, especially DKI Jakarta to protect themselves and their children from the threat of cervical cancer by vaccinating against HPV and conducting regular early detection.

Based on GLOBOCAN 2020 data, the number of cervical cancer in Indonesia increased by almost 15 percent compared to 2018 with 36,633 cases and killing 57 Indonesian women every day. If we don’t act, deaths from cervical cancer will increase by almost 50 percent by 2030.

In accordance with the recommendations of the Child Immunization Task Force and the Adult Immunization Task Force, HPV vaccination can provide benefits and protection from the age of 9 years to 55 years. The HPV vaccination recommendation is also in line with the WHO’s global strategy to eliminate cervical cancer.

Treatment includes up to 90 percent of HPV vaccination, 70 percent of screening coverage, and 90 percent of access to related treatment in all countries. In addition, HPV vaccination not only prevents the danger of cervical cancer, but also other HPV-related diseases, such as some skin and venereal diseases in men.

In DKI Jakarta Province, a number of ways have been applied to tackle cervical cancer. In terms of early detection, health facilities in DKI Jakarta are actively conducting Visual Inspection of Acetic Acid and Pap Smears. For special protection, DKI Jakarta applies the HPV BIAS to girls of primary school age.

“Until now, DKI Jakarta has always promoted the implementation of the HPV immunization program for elementary school students through the School Child Immunization Month (BIAS) for 5th and 6th grade elementary school students, with a total target of 181,288 students in DKI Jakarta in 2021,” explained dr. . Widyastuti, MKM as the Head of the DKI Jakarta Provincial Health Office.

“This is in accordance with the policy of the Indonesian Ministry of Health that HPV vaccine recipients aged 10-13 years are given twice at an interval of 6-12 months to reduce the risk of cervical cancer and other diseases caused by HPV,” he continued.

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The Importance of HPV Vaccination

To date, 48.79 percent of the 2021 HPV BIAS implementation at the elementary school level has been carried out and is targeted to be completed by the end of this year. Elementary school age children or their equivalent is one of the targets of the immunization program carried out in the School Child Immunization Month (BIAS) activities, and is intended to improve the smoothness, effectiveness and efficiency of the implementation of BIAS activities throughout Indonesia.

Currently, the Government of Indonesia has a mandatory immunization program for infants and children, which is guaranteed by the government. In addition, immunization is also given to school-age children through one of the government’s mandatory immunization programs, namely the School Child Immunization Month or BIAS.

“HPV vaccine is one of the mandatory vaccines in selected districts/cities and is intended for girls in grades 5 and 6 of Elementary School/Madrasah Ibtidaiyah or equivalent,” explained dr. Prima Yosephine, MKM, Plt. Director of Health Surveillance and Quarantine, Directorate General of P2P, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia.

In cervical cancer, treatment will be expensive and reduce the success rate. Therefore, vaccination is considered the best way out and prevention.

“For this reason, continuous education is needed for the wider community, especially parents and the younger generation that the HPV vaccine is a health investment as the main protection measure from various diseases in the future caused by the HPV virus. Vaccination is a child’s right, and an obligation for parents. to provide immunizations to children, “said Dr. Prima. (mdk/RWP)

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