- The Minister of Health Agnès Buzyn announced Saturday February 15 the death of the 80 year old Chinese tourist hospitalized in France for several weeks. It is the first death of a patient outside of Asia.
- The deceased patient was the third case of Covid-19 reported in France after a tourist couple, who meanwhile got out of business. Taken care of at the Bichat hospital in Paris, he had been for several days “in a severe state”.
- The other eight cases carrying the coronavirus in France are in stable condition, added Agnès Buzyn.
- The death toll of the coronavirus has exceeded 1,500 deaths in China and 66,000 contaminations. A first case of contamination in Africa has been reported in Egypt.
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[Fin du direct] The Chinese coronavirus patient was from Hubei Province in central China. It is the epicenter of the Covid-19 epidemic. This new coronavirus was identified on January 7 by the country. It seems that its origin is in a market in Wuhan, the capital of the province.
While the epidemic has exceeded 1,500 deaths, the coronavirus is the source of many rumors circulating on social networks, including the idea that the virus would spread in France with new cases of disease. Some internet users circulate false figures, on the number of infected. Others are worried about contracting the coronavirus through packages from China, reports Le Figaro.
The World Health Organization remains cautious about the date of a possible peak in the Covid-19 coronavirus epidemic and says it is “far too early”. On the other hand, Zhong Nanshan, a Chinese epidemiologist known for his fight against Sras, envisages a peak “by mid or the end of February”, reports Franceinfo.
In the United Kingdom, almost all patients infected with coronavirus have been discharged from hospital. Eight out of nine people infected were treated, the British public health service, the NHS, said on Saturday.
Thursday, a person infected with the coronavirus left cured of the Bordeaux University Hospital after 22 days of hospitalization. The 48-year-old Bordeaux resident who had stayed in Wuhan, the Chinese epicenter of the epidemic at the beginning of the year, received antiviral treatment. The molecule used is called remdesivir and it appears to be “promising” in the eyes of doctors to treat this new coronavirus. Clinical trials are underway to test its effectiveness.
The octogenarian Chinese tourist who died in Paris was in serious condition and the doctors did not have much hope for his recovery. The coronavirus had caused a lung infection. “We did everything we could, but his condition was particularly serious,” said the head of the infectious diseases department of Bichat hospital in Paris, Yazdan Yazdanpanah to the Parisian. His chances of survival were only 30%, he adds.
In China, quarantine is not just about humans. Chinese banknotes will be placed in isolation after disinfection using ultraviolet rays or high temperatures, to avoid transmission of the coronavirus. Then they will be quarantined for one to two weeks.
While a first death outside Asia has been announced in France, how dangerous is Covid-19 for health? The death toll currently exceeds 1,500 deaths, but the advanced death rates should be taken with caution. According to the Huffington Post, scientists suggest figures of 0.1%, 1%, 2% up to 20%, but they are not necessarily reliable. As virologist Bruno Lina explains to Franceinfo, these rates include only patients who are diagnosed or for whom there is a strong suspicion of infection, but there are people with the coronavirus who do not have many symptoms. The specialist thus considers that the rate at 2% is “the high range”. “It is likely to be less than that,” he said.
4:39 pm – Chinese tourist who died in Paris “could not control the viral infection”, explains the virologist Brun
The first death in France linked to the coronavirus affected an 80-year-old Chinese tourist, who did not progress “towards recovery, as we can see for the others,” explains virology professor Bruno Lina at Franceinfo. He failed to “control the viral infection”. The patient had no other health problems. “He did what is called a multi-visceral failure. Under these conditions, it is often quite difficult, regardless of the infectious agent,” explains the virologist.
The first case of coronavirus has been detected on the African continent. The carrier of the Covid-19 is in Egype, announced the authorities of the country. This patient was hospitalized in quarantine, tests revealed that he was carrying the virus but showed no symptoms. The person is not Egyptian but we do not know his nationality.
15:24 – “We must prepare our health system for a possible pandemic spread,” says Agnès Buzyn
After announcing the death of the Chinese tourist in Paris, Agnès Buzyn explained that she would receive representatives of hospital staff and city health professionals next Tuesday “to take stock”. “We must prepare our health system to face a possible pandemic spread and therefore a circulation of the virus on the national territory,” said the Minister of Health.
The deceased Chinese man had been taken care of in Paris. Her daughter, also infected with Covid-19, is currently being treated at the Bichat hospital in the capital. Five Britons are also infected and hospitalized in the Lyon region. Four infected people have been cured and released from the hospital in recent days. In all, six patients remain hospitalized.
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The virus was born in Wuhan, China, in a market, and was transmitted to humans by an animal. Currently, the preferred track of the origin of the coronavirus is that of the bats sold on this market. This hypothesis is based on a genetic comparison of the complete DNA of the 2019-nCoV virus: it is 96% identical to a viral strain of bats, which had previously been the source of the Sars coronavirus. in 2002. But other avenues, such as that suspecting transmission from snakes, are being considered.
Symptoms of 2019-nCoV coronavirus are similar to those of influenza or pneumonia. Patients have fever, severe respiratory problems and cough.
The human-to-human transmission of coronavirus 2019-nCoV is now proven. The airway seems to be privileged in the transmission of the virus, via the droplets of saliva propelled in case of cough mainly. Contact with “surfaces freshly contaminated with these secretions” can also lead to infection. The coronavirus survives very poorly outside a short-term host, in the air or on objects.
Jean-Christophe Lucet, head of the bacteriological service of Bichat hospital, believes that “wearing a mask in town, it has absolutely no interest today”, adding: “The risk of meeting a patient carrying the coronavirus is very low.” Masks are useful when worn by a sick person to avoid infecting other people. For more information, see our article on masks.
There is currently no specific drug for the coronavirus and the treatment remains symptomatic. Beware of false information and rumors circulating on the internet, that cocaine or the consumption of hot whiskey and honey could be treatments against coronavirus. Thai teams have announced that they have treated patients with a cocktail combining Arbidol, a drug used in China and Russia to treat the flu, combined with the drug Darunavir, used to treat patients with AIDS. However, these results need to be verified by other studies.
China, Australia, and the French teams of the Institut Pasteur have managed to isolate and culture strains of the 2019-nCov coronavirus. Now, researchers at the Institut Pasteur can begin to test “known antiviral molecules” then “propose a vaccine candidate” and hope to develop a vaccine by the end of summer 2021.
The Chinese National Health Commission has released statistics regarding victims of the coronavirus. Over 80% of those who died were over the age of 60, and over 75% of those who died from the coronavirus had more than one other health problem, such as diabetes. The virus can also be contracted by children, but the symptoms are less severe.
According to Chinese statistics, in Hubei, at the heart of the epidemic, the death rate is 3.1%, but elsewhere it is only 0.16%. These results are however provisional and are likely to change depending on the spread of the epidemic, and the mortality rate which is still difficult to estimate due to the novelty of the virus. Comparisons with other epidemics must also be very careful.
No study yet has proven that dogs and cats can be infected with the coronavirus, according to the WHO. Questioned by LCI, the infectious researcher Olivier Terrier, from the CNRS declares that “the risk on French soil, and more generally in Europe, is almost zero. For there to be contamination via an animal source, it would already be necessary that the animals are carriers of the coronavirus “. “The risk is close to zero,” he said, adding that the interspecies genetic barrier is difficult to cross for a virus and protects our pets.