The United Nations agency provides a detailed portrait of global research in a report.
Published every five years, the latest Unesco report on science in the world confirms the sad observation of many French researchers on the “Pauperization” of their profession. Can this trend be reversed with the 2021-2030 programming law initiated by Frédérique Vidal, Minister of Research? In the meantime, the figures from the United Nations agency are clear: globally, investments in science “Increased by 19% between 2014 and 2018”, underlines the report. But almost half of this growth is attributable to China (44% increase), the United States (+ 19.4%) and to a lesser extent Europe (+ 11%). In France, on the other hand, the amounts allocated to research fell to 2.2% of gross domestic product in France in 2018, against 2.28% five years earlier. This is not the case for major partners of France, in particular Germany, where the threshold of 3% of GDP (considered by many experts as
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