A global study found air pollution to be a risk Dead 4th highest worldwide.
It was mentioned in a recent State of Global Air 2020 (SoGA 2020) report by the Health Effects Institute in collaboration with the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME2) at the University of Washington, and the University of British Columbia.
President of the Health Effects Institute (HEI), Dan Greenbaum in his written statement said, air pollution now this is the cause Dead the 4th premiere among all health risks, and this rank is just below Dead as a result of smoking and a diet bad.
This is according to the annual report of the State of Global Air (SoGA) 2020.
Overall, the display air pollution outdoor and household in the long term also contributed to more than 6.7 million Dead year-round due to stroke, heart attack, diabetes, lung cancer, chronic lung disease, and neonatal disease throughout 2019.
Illustration of vehicle pollution, car fumes
In addition, here are four health impacts of air pollution that must be watched out for.
1. To worsen the epidemic of non-communicable diseases.
According to Dr Sumi Mehtan’s vital strategies, the trend of air pollution is clearly on the rise in rapidly urbanizing areas, such as in Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa.
“That will further exacerbate the epidemic of non-communicable diseases, including chronic respiratory disease and cardiovascular disease,” said Mehta.
However, on the other hand, he mentioned there is good news, namely that we know how to deal with all the major sources of pollution.
“This data (SoGA) clearly shows that we have a public health obligation to immediately implement clean air solutions,” he said.
2. Contribute to chronic disease.
The researcher who joined the SoGA reporting, namely Dr. Katherine Walker from HEI said, that air pollution has been studied to be another environmental risk in the world.
Decades of careful scientific research have now based strong conclusions about the major contributions of air pollution to chronic disease and death.
But in fact, he said, it is a problem that we know how to solve.
“It’s been a long time we’ve wasted waiting for cooperation and taking bigger global action on this major public health issue,” he said.
He added, along with the country’s plan for recovery after Covid-19, it is important that air pollution is considered one of the main pillars in policy making.
Smoke inhalers can be a solution to smoke and pollution problems in the kitchen.
3. Exacerbate Covid-19 infection.
Air pollution is closely related to the occurrence of chronic diseases in humans, and in the midst of this Covid-19 pandemic, the researcher from IHME involved, Dr Christopher Murray, said the interaction of Covid-19 with this chronic disease continues to increase.
In fact, the global increase in chronic disease and associated risk factors such as obesity, high blood sugar, and outdoor air pollution.
“The past 30 years have created the perfect storm and triggered deaths from Covid-19,” he explained.
4. Infant death.
There has been a lot of scientific evidence from various countries, showing that exposure to air pollution particulates during pregnancy will have an impact on low birth weight and preterm birth.
“Several studies conducted on indoor and outdoor air pollution have shown that air pollution consistently increases the risk of preterm birth and low birth weight,” said Dr. Beate Ritz of the University of California.
Well, for babies at a young age, most of the deaths occur due to complications due to low birth weight and premature birth.
As a result, these two conditions are also confirmed to trigger serious complications, which are then recorded to cause the majority of deaths in the neonatal period to reach 1.8 million in 2019.
A new SoGA analysis this year estimates that about 20 percent of infant deaths during this period were due to ambient and household air pollution.
“Baby health is critical to the future of every society, and this latest evidence points to a very high risk for babies born in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa,” said Greenbaum.
In Pakistan, air pollution accounts for about 20 percent of deaths among newborns, exposure from burning dirty household fuels is a major factor.
For children under 5 years, this has the potential to cause more than 40 percent of lower respiratory tract infections.
“Urgent and sustainable action to clean the air and to provide access to clean energy is within our priorities and public health policies,” stressed Dr Zulfiqar Bhutta, founding Director of the Aga Khan University Institute for Global Health.
This article has been published on Kompas.com with the title Apart from causing death, be aware of the 4 bad impacts of air pollution