Ingenuity is preparing to fly its premiere on Mars on April 8.
REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA – A mini helicopter made by the American Space Agency (NASA) Ingenuity, has landed on Mars on Sunday (4/4). This landing is an important step for Ingenuity continue his mission of exploring Mars.
“This is the first time Ingenuity has been on the surface of Mars itself. The right insulation, the right heating and enough energy in the battery to survive the cold nights, is a huge win for the team. We are excited to continue preparing Ingenuity for its first test flight. , “said Ingenuity Project Manager at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. Mimi Aung CNN, Tuesday (6/4).
He continued that when Ingenuity does fly, which could happen as early as April 11, 2021 it will be the first powerful and controlled flight on another planet. To welcome the first achievement made on Earth, Ingenuity brought a sample of fabric from the Wright brothers’ aircraft, Flyer 1.
The first helicopters sent to Mars presented a challenge to the engineers who designed them for several reasons. The helicopter must be small enough to tuck underneath the rover without harming the Perseverance rover, which is the first mission to search for evidence of ancient microbial life on Mars.
Helicopters also have to be lightweight in order to fly through the atmosphere of Mars, which has only one percent of the atmosphere on Earth. Meanwhile, the helicopter must still have enough power to heat itself up and survive the cold Mars nights.
The thin nature of the atmosphere on Mars makes it more difficult to generate lift and fly high. As soon as Perseverance positioned Ingenuity at the center of its airfield, the rover retreated from the helicopter. This allows the helicopter’s solar array to collect critical sunlight.
Perseverance sent back images of a four-legged helicopter sitting on the surface on April 4. The blades of the helicopters, currently stacked on top of each other, will be released on April 7, 2021. The mission team on Earth will send orders to the helicopter to “wiggle” the blades.