JAKARTA – The government continues to take anticipatory steps in an effort to prevent the spread of monkeypox in Indonesia. Currently, efforts are being made to procure vaccines to medicine for monkeypox.
Secretary for the Team for the Acceleration of Economic Recovery (TPPE) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Kemenlu) Lintang Paramitasari explained, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs continued to coordinate with the Ministry of Health (Kemenkes) regarding Indonesia’s preparations to anticipate the spread of monkeypox.
“So far, the form of coordination is still for the procurement of vaccines, medical devices for diagnostics, and also for obtaining medicines,” he explained, in a virtual press conference, Thursday (12/8).
Meanwhile, the steps to prevent monkeypox from entering Indonesia by limiting the travel of Indonesian citizens (WNI) abroad have not been implemented. People are still free to travel abroad.
“Regarding the travel restrictions, so far there has been no further discussion,” he said.
At the entry point, the Ministry of Health checks for travelers who may have a higher body temperature or other symptoms of monkeypox.
Meanwhile, the Director of Indonesian Citizen Protection at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Judha Nugraha, emphasized that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is closely monitoring cases of monkeypox in various countries. Appeals have also been conveyed to Indonesian citizens abroad.
“In this context, we have conveyed an appeal to be careful. We have the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ Safe Travel application, which can always be updated there,” he explained.
Citing the Ministry of Health website, Friday (12/8), monkeypox is a rare zoonotic disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus. Monkeypox virus belongs to the genus Orthopoxvirus in the family Poxviridae. The Orthopoxvirus genus also includes variola virus (which causes smallpox), vaccinia virus (used in the smallpox vaccine), and cowpox virus.
Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958. At that time, an outbreak of a smallpox-like disease was found that attacked the colonies of monkeys that were kept for research, which caused this disease to be called monkeypox or monkeypox.
The first case of monkeypox to infect humans was recorded in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Since then, cases of monkeypox have been reported to have infected people in several other Central and West African countries such as Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Liberia, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo and Sierra Leone.
Monkeypox virus can be transmitted when a person comes into contact with the virus from an infected animal, infected person, or material contaminated with the virus. The virus can also cross the placenta from a pregnant woman to the fetus. The monkeypox virus can be spread from animals to humans through the bite or scratch of an infected animal, when handling or processing game, or through the use of products made from infected animals.
The virus can also be spread by direct contact with bodily fluids or wounds of an infected person or with materials that have touched bodily fluids or wounds, such as clothing or linen.
Monkeypox is also transmitted from human to human through direct contact with infected wounds, sores, or body fluids of sufferers. This disease can also be spread through respiratory droplets when in prolonged contact with an infected person.
Various animal species have been identified as susceptible to monkeypox virus infection. There is still uncertainty about the natural history of this virus. Likewise, until now the specific reservoir is not known and further research is still needed. Although it has the name monkeypox, monkeys are not the main reservoir.
In humans, the symptoms of monkeypox are similar to the symptoms of chickenpox, but are milder. Symptoms begin with fever, headache, muscle aches, and fatigue.
The main difference between the symptoms of chickenpox and monkeypox is that monkeypox causes swelling of the lymph nodes (lymphadenopathy) whereas chickenpox does not. The incubation period for monkeypox usually ranges from 6-13 days but can also be 5-21 days.