Russian peacekeepers were deployed to Nagorno-Karabakh on Tuesday following a ceasefire agreement to end a six-week battle between Azerbaijani and Armenian ethnic groups as well as freeze on territory by Azerbaijan.
Turkey is a close ally of Azerbaijan. During the fighting, Turkey supplied Azerbaijan with weapons so that it was able to reclaim a number of areas controlled by ethnic Armenians.
By telephone, Erdogan told Putin that Turkey would set up a center to observe a joint ceasefire with Russia. (Also read: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Russia Agree to End the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict)
The location of the ceasefire observation center, according to Erdogan, is on land freed from Armenian occupation, determined by Azerbaijan. (See Infographic: Will Japan’s 30DX Frigate Become Indonesia’s Future Destroyer?)
Erdogan also expressed the importance of opening a corridor between Azerbaijan and Nakhchivan so that Azerbaijanis can return to Karabakh. Nakhchivan was separated from Azerbaijan by Armenia. (See Video: Regarding Habib Rizieq’s Status, This is the Police Explanation)
Azerbaijan tries to reclaim land lost during the war in the 1990s. They hailed the deal as a win.
Turkey’s arms supply and diplomatic support gave Azerbaijan the edge in the war. Azerbaijan succeeded in expanding the territory they controlled in Karabakh.
Russia, which has a defense pact with Armenia and military bases there, appears to have welcomed the deal as a sign that it is still the main broker in the energy-rich South Caucasus.