Medef had planned that a dozen branches would have signed agreements to limit the use of short contracts by the beginning of this year. We approach it but the account is not quite there. After metallurgy, cleanliness, trade and distribution, import-export and ski areas, public works are added to the list of sectors of activity that have managed to address the highly sensitive issue of employment precarious and on which the government threatens to resort to a bonus-malus. Another important branch, that of the drug companies (the Leem), has also signed an agreement and validated on the construction CDI since the end of December.
The agreement in public works, which was tabled on Tuesday, was signed by the GSC and FO which represent 30% between them, a sufficient quantum at the branch level to validate the text.
The social partners in the sector took the trouble to take a picture of public works employment before determining their measures. The figures in the appendix show that the use of short-term contracts (less than one month) is relatively rare in public works: 82% of employment contracts are permanent contracts (2016 figures) and only 0.05% hirings are made in short fixed term contracts (8,900 contracts), of which 31% have a duration less than or equal to 5 days and nearly half are re-hires.
On the other hand, temporary work is much more present with 34,600 temporary workers in full-time equivalent in 2016, an increase of 55% from 2004 to 2017 (against + 63% across all sectors).
Following this observation, and with the aim of extending employment periods by making contracts of more than one month more attractive, the agreement provides for two main provisions. The first is to shorten the waiting period between two fixed-term or temporary contracts (only for contracts longer than one month) by reducing it to 20% of the original contract term, without exceeding 10 calendar days.
The second provision extends the number of cases where the waiting period does not apply (always for contracts of more than one month) including periods "Successive growth of activity".
In another part, the agreement stresses the need for"Adapt the working hours of permanent employees to the order book and thus limit the use of short contracts". The text also plans to promote the interim CDI experimentally.
Lastly, with the aim of increasing the qualification of short-term employees, the text provides for a modest contribution from the employer's personal training account. As well as several measures in favor of workers with integration difficulties.