The Turkish state continues to withhold Syria’s water share in the Euphrates, since January 27 this year, while pumping very small amounts of no more than 200 cubic meters per second.
This has caused the water to recede, a significant decrease in its level in the course of the river and a significant decrease in the level of the lakes and dams built in its course to more than 5 vertical meters.
The agreement between Turkey, Syria and Iraq in 1987 stipulates that Turkey must pump water from the Euphrates into Syrian territories at an amount of 500 cubic meters per second, and the Iraqi share is 60% of that amount.
The Autonomous Administration of North and East Syria (AANES) has warned of a humanitarian catastrophe in an area that includes more than 5 million people who depend on the Euphrates River for their production of drinking water, irrigation and electricity.
Muhammad Tarboush from the Syrian North and East Dam Administration said during an earlier statement to the ANHA agency: “We are facing a real catastrophe with regard to drinking water because the low level of the river has led to the contamination of the water. , which can lead to dangerous diseases such as cholera, which is common in summer, and most major cities in northern and eastern Syria depend on the Euphrates River for drinking water. “
More than 30 stations are out of service and others are operating at half capacity.
In the eastern countryside of Deir Ezzor
More than 10 water treatment plants are out of service and more than 226,000 people lack drinking water.
“Hajin’s main water plant, which operates with a production capacity of 160 cubic meters per hour, with a branch network of more than 20 km, has been out of service, while 80,000 people depend on this station to supply themselves. of water”.
The Al-Susah water plant operates with a capacity of 160 cubic meters per hour and a length of its network of 8 km was also taken out of service and deprived 45,000 people of drinking water.
The Abu Al-Hassan plant operates with a capacity of 160 cubic meters per hour and 25 km of network and feeds 25,000 people.
The Al-Sha`fa water station, which operates with a production capacity of 160 cubic meters per hour and the network is 30 km long, feeds 20,000 people.
The Al Kashmah water station, which operates with a production capacity of 160 cubic meters per hour and has a network length of 30 km, feeds 23,000 people.
The Al-Bu Badran water station, with a capacity of 160 cubic meters and a 15 km network, feeds 18,000 people.
The Al Safafna water station, which operates with a production capacity of 160 cubic meters and the length of the network is 10 km, feeds 15,000 people.
There are 36 water stations, most of which are out of service, and the others are threatened with shutting down if the water level continues to drop. Some 200,000 people are deprived of drinking water.
On the western line, Hawa al-Hawa stations are completely out of service, while Hawija Faraj, al-Yamamah farm and al-Salhabiyya al-Sharqiya station are operating at half capacity, threatening to be shut out. service if the water level drops further.
In the northern countryside, the two stations of Al-Hashem and Al-Maslakh, which are located in the northeast of the city, are operating at half capacity after lengthening the canals and installing connections for the pumps to be able to supply water from further afield.
In the southern countryside, Al-Uqirishi Station is completely out of service.
In the eastern countryside, the Al Karama station is also operating at half capacity, while a new station is completely out of service.
The Al-Shaher station is 70% out of service, while the Al-Rayyash station, which operates on the Al-Hos line, is only 55% operational.
The reason for the continued operation of some stations is due to the fact that the station management has taken some measures to supply water to the people by running long connections to water pumps and obtaining water from places further away than what was being drawn from. they. This must have been done by the decomposition of the water.
The situation is no different in the Tabqa region
Seven water stations have been completely out of service, threatening the lives of more than 114,000 people and depriving them of drinking water.
According to information reported by the Tabqa Region Municipalities Committee, Tawi station and Shams al-Din station, serving the sub-districts of Al-Jarniya, Tal Othman, Shams al-Din and the villages affiliated to she, which exceeds 90 villages and irrigates almost 49,000 people, is permanently out of service.
Meanwhile, the Jaabar station, which serves the towns of Jaabar and Al-Mahmoudli, and has 20,000 people, has also completely stopped working.
The Ayed station, which serves Ayed neighborhoods, chalets and the radio station in the west of the city of Tabqa and serves 15,000 people, has been taken out of service.
The Al-Karain station, which serves Al-Kreen, Abu Hurairah, Al-Musharafa, and provides 5,000 people with water, is out of service.
The excavator station, which is considered a support line to the city and pumps 560 cubic meters per hour, is out of service.
The Sahel station, which serves the Sahel, Abu Qabei, Al Barouda and Al Bou Rajab, and supplies some 15,000 people, has also stopped operating.
Meanwhile, the Albu Assi station is partially operational, serving 10,000 people and pumping water to the villages of Rjm al-Ghazal – Al-Bu Asi.
Two water stations have been permanently out of service for more than two months. While most of the wells, even the spare ones that are used when needed, are also out of service.
The river’s water has reached its lowest levels and has been cut off, so far, in 83 villages in Kobane province. This occurred during a statement by the administrator of the Kobane Province Water Directorate, Fahd Muhammad, to the ANHA agency.
Popular demands for international pressure on Turkey
On May 5, dozens of people from the city of Tabqa and its countryside organized a meeting on the bank of the Euphrates River to protest against the confinement of the river’s water by the Turkish state and demanded that the international community put pressure on Turkey. to release some of the river water to Syria.
Meanwhile, the Tabqa water unit is currently working on the installation of horizontal pumps as a solution, considered an emergency, if the water level continues to drop.
In areas where stations are stopping, concerned authorities are working to provide residents with water through designated tanks, while some residents also rely on purchasing water from civilian tanks.