An article by an international team of experts on cardiovascular disease and nutrition published In the magazine BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine.
An increased level of “bad” cholesterol in the blood significantly increases the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, in particular atherosclerosis and ischemic heart diseases. It is believed that animal products, especially those containing saturated fats, contribute to increasing cholesterol, so you need to eat less. So, patients with hereditary hypercholesterolemia, a genetic disease in which blood cholesterol is two to four times higher than normal, is recommended to completely abandon meat, eggs and cheese.
However, the authors of the article, including five cardiologists, did not find confirmation of the hypothesis that the consumption of foods rich in saturated fats increases blood cholesterol, which leads to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, and a low cholesterol diet reduces the risk of these diseases.
“For the past 80 years, people with hereditary hypercholesterolemia have been told to lower their cholesterol with a low saturated fat diet. But our data demonstrate that a diet that is low in fat and not carbohydrates is much more beneficial for the heart, ” explained lead author, professor of cardiology, University of South Florida, David Diamond.
Diamond and his colleagues concluded that many patients with high cholesterol also have other risk factors for heart disease, which are collectively called the “metabolic syndrome” – overweight and obesity, hypertension, elevated levels of triglycerides and glucose in the blood, decreased tissue sensitivity to insulin.
It is proved that metabolic syndrome most effectively treated with a low-carb diet. Therefore, people with high cholesterol in the blood are more likely to adhere to just this type of diet, rather than refuse meat, cheese and eggs, the authors of the article say.
Watch our videos