Why gout is more common in men than women? This is the reason

Suara.com – Gout or gout is the general form of arthritis. Gout occurs when elevated levels of uric acid in the blood form crystals in the joints and surrounding tissues.

Normally, uric acid dissolves in the blood and passes through the kidneys and out with the urine. But sometimes your body produces too much uric acid or your kidneys excrete too little uric acid.

When this happens, uric acid can build up, forming sharp needle-like urate crystals in the joints or surrounding tissue. This is what causes pain, inflammation, and swelling.

Quoted from WebMD, The areas most commonly affected by gout include the big toe, knee, elbow, and wrist and shoulder. Usually attacks of pain often begin at night.

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The body will produce uric acid when it breaks down purine, namely substances found in the body and food. In excessive amounts, purines will actually cause increased levels of uric acid in the blood.

Illustration of arthritis, gout, joint pain. (Shutterstock)

Therefore, limiting foods high in purine substances can help prevent high uric acid levels. Foods high in purines include red meat, offal, crab, duck, shellfish and all foods and drinks that contain alcohol.

Compared to women, gout is more common in men. This is mainly because women tend to have lower uric acid levels.

Men can be three times more likely than women to have higher uric acid levels for most of their lives.

In addition to higher uric acid levels, men do not have high levels of uric acid estrogen hormone which is quite high.

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This makes uric acid in men more difficult to excrete through urine, so that uric acid levels in the blood can become high.

But that does not mean that women are free from uric acid, when they are menopausal women can also be affected.

In women who have not been menopausal, levels of the hormone estrogen in the blood are still high enough to help excrete uric acid through urine. Therefore, women’s uric acid levels before menopause are generally normal.

However, after menopause, women’s uric acid levels approach men’s. Men are more likely to develop gout early, usually between the ages of 30 and 50. Women generally develop signs and symptoms after menopause.

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