KONTAN.CO.ID – Jakarta. The growth and development phase of the child is also supported by the growth phase of the child’s teeth. In general, children will go through 3 phases of teeth.
The first phase is the primary teeth phase, the second phase is the mixed phase of permanent teeth and the third phase is the permanent tooth phase.
The first phase begins when you first grow teeth around the age of 8-14 months and ends when there are permanent teeth growing in the oral cavity, which is around the age of 5-6 years.
In this phase, the normal oral cavity of a child consists of only 20 primary teeth consisting of 10 in the upper jaw and 10 in the lower jaw. When permanent teeth have started to grow in the oral cavity the second phase begins and ends when all the primary teeth have fallen out around the age of 12.
Toothbrushes should be part of the child’s learning process, as children are accustomed to showering, dressing cleanly and washing their hands before eating. This causes the need for parents to teach oral cleaning, especially toothbrushes, from an early age. So, when do children start brushing their teeth?
When do children start brushing their teeth?
Summarized from the page of the Indonesian Pediatrician Association (IDAI), brushing or brushing the teeth itself is done when the first tooth grows in the child’s oral cavity, however, getting the child to have their oral cavity cleaned has been done since the child was born.
Because, since early in life, children have been consuming breast milk. Efforts to control oral bacteria and fungi were already underway at that time.
Some steps that can help children get used to cleaning the oral cavity are cleaning the gums before there are signs of growing teeth.
Then, cleaning the bulging (sticking out gums) as a sign of the appearance of teeth and cleaning after the teeth grow in the oral cavity. This stage is important so that children get used to cleaning their oral cavity and reduce children’s sensitivity, such as vomiting easily on the presence of a toothbrush in the mouth.
Cleaning the oral cavity in the area of the gums that has not yet teething teeth and the tongue is done using sterile gauze, at least 2-3 times a day. Age 0-1 years apart from the initial period of cleaning the oral cavity, is also the initial age of the first visit to the dentist, especially before the age of 12 months.
When bulging begins, as an early sign of the growth of primary teeth, cleaning in the bulging area can be done using a toothbrush with soft bristles.
This cleaning process must be carried out continuously and once the teeth have appeared in the oral cavity, using a real toothbrush to clean teeth becomes a routine obligation that people must do.
Several manufacturers have sold toothbrushes in various sizes that are tailored to the needs of the child’s oral development and the ease of holding by the child or their caregiver.