Understanding Decubitus Wounds: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Understanding Decubitus Wounds: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Monday, 25 September 2023 – 11:33 WIB

JAKARTA – Decubitus wounds are injuries to the skin and underlying tissue due to prolonged pressure on the skin. Decubitus wounds, also called bedsores, most often appear on the skin covering the bony areas of the body, such as the heels, ankles, hips and tailbone.

People most at risk of developing decubitus ulcers have medical conditions that limit their ability to change positions or cause sufferers to spend most of their time in bed or a chair. Scroll for more information.

These decubitus sores can develop in a matter of hours or days. Most of these wounds can heal with treatment. However, there are also those who do not recover completely.

Reported Mayo Clinicsome warning signs of decubitus wounds include unusual changes in skin color or texture, swelling, pus-like discharge, areas of skin that feel cooler or warmer to the touch than other areas, and the wound area feels tender.

Decubitus sores are divided into one of several stages based on depth, severity, and other characteristics. The degree of skin and tissue damage ranges from discoloration of the skin to deep injuries involving muscles and bones.

Common locations for pressure sores
For wheelchair users, bedsores often occur on the skin on the tailbone or buttocks, shoulder blades and spine as well as the backs of the arms and legs where they rest on the chair.

For sufferers who can only lie in bed, this injury can occur on the back or side of the head, shoulder blades, hips, lower back or tailbone as well as the heels, ankles and skin behind the knees.

When should you see a doctor?
If you notice signs of pressure ulcers, change your position to reduce pressure on the area. If you do not see improvement within 24-48 hours, consult a doctor immediately.

Seek immediate medical attention if you show signs of infection, such as fever, discharge from the wound, bad smelling wound, change in skin color, warmth or swelling around the wound.

Prevalence of decubitus wounds in Indonesia
Based on data from the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia in 2023, the incidence ratio of decubitus wounds in Indonesia is quite high, namely more than 30 percent. This figure is higher than the ratio in other regions such as Asia and ASEAN.

When not dealt with excretion care appropriately, there will be more parents at risk of developing pressure ulcers. Therefore, Lifree together with CRSU – FKUI conducted joint research regarding this problem.

As a result, the adhesive-type Lifree diapers and 2 Pieces Care which combine the use of adhesive-type diapers and absorbent pads are safe to use, and have been proven to have a better effect on improving the user’s skin condition and have received certification.

Research related to the above theme is the first of its kind in Indonesia, and together with Dr. Rinadewi Astriningrum., Sp.KK from CRSU – FKUI will create a journal which is planned to be included in one of the National journal portals in 2023.

President Director of PT Unicharm Indonesia Tbk, Terakawa, said that his company proactively contributes to solving environmental and social problems through various company activities to realize its mission, namely a symbiotic society (Social Inclusion).

“The efforts we are making this time are the first collaboration in Indonesia between adult diaper manufacturers from industry and academics. We hope that it will not only contribute to solving the problem of decubitus wounds, but can also strengthen good relationships with various hospitals and doctors, so that can collaborate to support the healthy lives of parents,” said Terakawa at the 2023 Healthcare Expo and Annual Scientific Meeting (PIT) in Jakarta.

“Finally, Lifree, which in 2023 will commemorate 15 years since it was first launched, in the future will continue to provide products that can maintain the health and hygiene of parents so they can live comfortably and calmly,” concluded Terakawa.

2023-09-25 04:33:45
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