Most diabetics have type 2 diabetes. You don’t have to swallow tablets or inject insulin straight away. The following simple measure alone can help those affected to achieve normal blood sugar levels.
People with type 2 diabetes have a good chance of getting their illness under control by changing their diet and exercising more. Above all, obese diabetics should lose weight, explains the diabetologist Prof. Knut Mai from the Charité in Berlin. Because obesity and type 2 diabetes are closely related.
Greasy organs can also cause type 2 diabetes
In people with type 2 diabetes – the most common type of diabetes – the body produces the blood sugar-lowering hormone insulin, but it no longer works properly in the cells. This so-called insulin resistance can also occur due to fatty organs.
Reduce type 2 diabetic obesity and exercise more, the burning of fat is stimulated and the organs and muscles respond better to the insulin again. Those affected should therefore always strive for a healthier lifestyle. Medications are only used if this does not lead to the goal.
Losing weight quickly works with a formula diet, among other things
In order to achieve almost normal blood sugar levels, a rather large weight loss is helpful, emphasizes Prof. Andreas Pfeiffer from the German Institute for Nutritional Research (DIfE) Potsdam-Rehbrücke. Those who lose at least 15 kilograms within the first six years after diabetes became known, Does anyone have study from Britain according to the best chances.
The easiest way for extremely overweight patients to lose weight from Prof. Mai is with a so-called formula diet. Meals are partially or completely replaced by powder dissolved in liquid. “The patient consumes only 800 kilocalories a day for around eight weeks“explains Prof. Mai.
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Important for type 2 diabetes: maintain normal weight
It is important that this happens under medical supervision. Why? “Most of the time, rapid weight loss also lowers blood pressure – then the medication has to be adjusted accordingly. “According to Prof. Mai, with a formula diet, patients lose 8 to 15 percent of their body weight quickly.
According to Pfeiffer and Mai, it is more difficult to maintain the weight. “Unfortunately, we can see that the patient will gain weight again very soon,” says Mai. His tip: In a nutritional consultation you can learn what an optimal diet could look like, “Studies suggest that it should be high in protein and should have a low glycemic index.”
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Exercise is just as important in diabetes as the right diet
Mai recommends relatives of those affected to go along with it, First, it is difficult to eat healthy when others around the table don’t. Second, a balanced diet is healthy for everyone.
In addition, exercise is important so that as much fat as possible, but little muscle mass, is lost during weight loss. Mai’s experience does that best in a group, “Find a training partner or an entire running group,” is his advice. So the inhibition threshold is higher not to go to training. Finally someone is waiting.
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