During the Covid-19 pandemic, Non-Communicable Diseases (PTM) can increase the death rate
Multidisciplinary experts from 6 Southeast Asian countries (Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam and Singapore) have called for urgent and effective action to optimize the control of Non-Communicable Diseases (PTM) in the Southeast Asia region, especially during a pandemic like now.
Non-Communicable Disease (PTM) is a type of disease that cannot be transmitted from one person to another through forms of contact. Although it does not spread to other people, PTM has a fairly high mortality rate. PTM, including cardiovascular disease, cancer, chronic respiratory disease, diabetes and mental disorders, has resulted in more than 70 percent of deaths in the world.
In the middle pandemic Covid-19PTM patients still need special attention from all parties because it has a long impact.
In a Media Health Forum on Saturday (10/17/2020) it was explained that hospitals still have to provide facilities for patients with PTM, including cardiovascular in order to facilitate patient access to treatment.
One way that can be done is to provide teleconsultation. This needs to be followed by all standard procedures, so that the quality of service is well maintained.
Come on Ma, listen to add new information!
1. Non-Communicable Diseases (PTM) cannot be underestimated
The mortality rate due to patients suffering from PTM is high.
Based on data from WHO, it also shows that heart and blood vessel disease is the number one cause of death worldwide, namely 17.7 million from 39.5 million deaths.
In Indonesia alone, PTM is the highest cause of death because the figure reaches 73 percent. Cardiovascular disease (heart and vessels) is the leading cause of death in Indonesia with a mortality rate of 35 percent in 2016.
2. What are the obstacles in handling PTM?
In a Media Health Forum discussion, dr. Ade Meidian Ambari, SpJP, FIHA, FAsCC explained that there are factors that can be called obstacles in the handling of PTM.
“Public knowledge, attitudes and behavior are still very low about PTM, including risk factors and prevention,” said dr. Ade on Saturday (17/10/2020) virtually.
According to him, awareness in maintaining health towards PTM is still lacking. Especially if the patient does not comply when taking drugs.
No exception the imbalance in the distribution of health facilities and human resources.
3. How to prevent and control PTM in order to reduce mortality?
According to dr. Ade during the Media Health Forum discussion that it is very important to carry out promotions on prevention of PTM based on the life cycle to reduce the risk of disease.
In addition, it is also important to increase research and strengthen information systems through cyberspace or online. Hospitals need to prepare opportunities for providing adequate information and education with the technology systems currently available.
The community is also asked to improve their daily lifestyle to be healthier to prevent PTM, including reducing smoking and consuming alcohol.
4. During the Covid-19 pandemic, health services for Non-Communicable Diseases (PTM) were hampered
Dr. dr. Lia G. Partakusuma, Sp.PK, MM, MARS., Secretary General of the Association of All Indonesian Hospitals (PERSI) during the Media Health Forum discussion said that the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic conditions have hampered the handling of PTM patients.
“Along with the Covid-19 pandemic, health services were also affected, making PTM, especially cardiovascular disease, one of the biggest health threats to society in the long term,” explained dr. Lia.
Based on his explanation, patients with cardiovascular disease are susceptible to being infected with Covid-19, and can even have the potential to experience complications if they have been infected with the virus.
It should be noted that heart disease is also in the 3rd position as a contributor to the accompanying conditions of patients with Covid-19, amounting to 19.9 percent. This is based on data from the Covid-19 Task Force as of September 30, 2020.
“The condition is worsened by the limited space for people to get health services. However, various health facilities in Indonesia have made various efforts to maintain the continuity of their services, especially for PTM patients,” said dr. Lia.
Those are some summaries of information related to PTM, which is still the cause of death worldwide.
Hopefully this information can be useful and add new knowledge, Ma.