Scientists scanned with a computer tomograph the mummy of the Egyptian pharaoh Amenhotep I “This is the first time they’ve seen the body from the inside,” the BBC reported.
The mummy of Amenhotep I, who ruled from 1525 to 1504 BC, was discovered in Deir al-Bahri 140 years ago. So far, archaeologists they did not study it from the inside so as not to damage it the mask and the elements of the savannah with which it is wrapped.
Thanks to computer scanning, researchers have learned that the pharaoh is died at the age of 35.
“He was tall about 169 cm, circumcised, had nice teeth. We found on his body 30 amulets and a unique gold belt with gold beads. It seems that Amenhotep I physically resembled his father: he had sharp chin, small narrow nose, curly hair and slightly protruding upper teeth, “Dr. Sahar Salim, a professor of radiology at Cairo University, told PA Media. She is also the lead author of a study published in the journal Frontiers in Medicine.
Dr. Salim added that in computed tomography no wounds were found or caused by disease injuries to the body, to allow scholars to pinpoint the cause of Pharaoh’s death.
They found that Amenhotep I, the second ruler of the 18th dynasty, was the first pharaoh buried with his arms crossed. Even more unusual is that his brain was not removed from the skull during mummification.
The scan showed multiple fatal injuries, most likely caused by thieves searching for treasures in the tombs.
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According to researchers, his mummy was repaired “with love” by the priests of the 21st dynasty, ruled about 4 centuries after the death of Amenhotep I.
Pharaoh’s mummy was reburied twice by the priests of the 21st dynasty. Scientists have found that during its restoration, the priests attached the severed head and neck to the body with a linen tape soaked in resin. In addition, they covered a defect in the abdominal wall with a bandage and placed two amulets under it, and tied the severed left arm to the body.
According to Dr. Salim, the jewels and amulets found on his body during the scan disprove the theory that the priests may have taken them to be used by the heirs of the pharaohs.
The mummy of Amenhotep I was reburied by the priests at Deir al-Bahri – a complex of tombs and temples near Luxor. So they hoped to protect her from encroachment.