Seeing the capabilities of these clothes, you might be curious about what astronaut suits are made of, this information may be very minimal because it is related to research and patents.
A Professor of Anthropology Michael Little of Binghamtom University spent two summers, 1969 and 1970, with the NASA Manned Spacecraft Center (now Johnson Space Center) in Houston, Texas to create the most suitable materials for astronaut suits.
As reported by Press Connects, the innermost layer of astronaut clothing is called LGC (Liquid Cooled Garment). It is shaped like a set of long nylon underwear with many plastic tubes sewn together.
This tube circulates cold water to cool the body while the astronauts work and generate body heat. While the outermost suit called A7L is designed to protect astronaut from damage (micrometeorite dust) and the heat and cold of the lunar surface, and to provide oxygen and remove excess carbon dioxide.
There are very complex devices in spacesuits to perform these functions. Spacesuits are extremely durable and designed to withstand the vacuum of space and the moon. That’s 20 layers to protect against heat, cold, pressure, and scratches.
The materials used to make the many layers of the astronaut suit are aluminum, Mylar, Dacron, nylon, and Teflon. In addition, the spacesuit has gloves with wrist joints, boots, and a helmet with gold-plated visors to reflect the sun’s rays.
Design astronaut suit designed and designed based on the needs and the environment that will be visited by astronauts.