JAKARTA, KOMPAS.com – President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) has issued Presidential Regulation (Perpres) Number 19 of 2021 concerning Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (TMII).
This was conveyed by Minister of State Secretary (Mensesneg) Pratikno in a virtual press conference, Wednesday (7/4/2021).
“The President has issued Presidential Decree No. 19/2021 on TMII, which regulates the control and management of TMII by the Ministry of State Secretariat,” said Pratikno.
Pratikono said that the issuance of the Presidential Decree was motivated by input from many parties regarding TMII. One of them is a recommendation from the Supreme Audit Agency (BPK).
Pratikno explained that previously the legal basis for the TMII issue referred to Presidential Decree No. 51 of 1977.
“According to the Presidential Decree, TMII belongs to the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia (NKRI) which is registered at the Ministry of State Secretariat and its management is given to Yayasan Harapan Kita (YHK),” said Pratikno.
Thus, it has been almost 44 years that YKH has managed one of Indonesia’s state assets.
According to Praktino, the state is obliged to organize TMII in order to provide the widest possible benefit to the community.
In addition, the management of TMII will later contribute to state finances.
With the Presidential Decree 19/2021, YHK’s management of TMII has ended.
“The management that has been carried out by YHK will also stop,” concluded Pratikno.
How is the history of the establishment of TMII?
Citing a page TMII, The wife of the 2nd President of the Republic of Indonesia Soeharto that is Siti Hartinah or known as Tien Soeharto convey ideas development miniature Indonesia at the board meeting of the Harapan Kita Foundation (YHK) at Jalan Cendana Number 8, Jakarta on March 13, 1970.
The shape and nature of the filling project in the form of the main building with the pattern of traditional houses, equipped with art performances that are rich in flora and fauna and cultural objects from each region in Indonesia.
The idea was based on a desire to arouse pride and love for the nation and homeland while at the same time introducing Indonesia to other countries in the world.
The idea became even stronger after Tien as the first lady accompanied Suharto’s work trips to various countries.
So, he got the opportunity to visit tourist objects abroad, for example Disneyland in the United States and TIM Land in Thailand.
Tien’s visits to these tourism objects further encouraged him to embody the idea into a project by creating a recreation area capable of depicting the greatness and beauty of Indonesia in miniature.
Almost a year later, Tien conveyed the aims and objectives of TMII development in public.
He put forward these aims and objectives at the closing of the Working Meeting of Governors, Regents and Mayors throughout Indonesia at the State Palace which was also attended by Suharto and was accompanied by the then Minister of Home Affairs, Amir Mahmud.
With the YHK letter, Tien assigned Nusa Consultants to make a master plan and a feasibility study for the project and it was completed for 3.5 months.
Note Kompas Daily 27 May 1971 edition stated that the land acquisition arrangement for the TMII project had been discussed.
Then, June 30, 1972, construction began step by step on a continuous basis.
Development The main activities were carried out in the form of a miniature relief map of Indonesia and its water supply, the Pancasila Fire Monument, the Joglo House, and the Management Building which were filled by Nusa Consultants.
Thanks to the mutual cooperation of all parties such as the community around the location, the Central and Regional Government, the private sector, and various elements of society, the construction of TMII was completed within three years.
Until finally, this 150 hectare tourist area was inaugurated by Soeharto on April 20, 1975.
Then, the Information Museum, Stamp Museum, Science and Technology Demonstration Center, Electric Energy and New Energy Museum, and Asmat Museum.
Furthermore, the Oil and Gas Museum, Indonesian Warrior Museum, Heritage Museum, Telecommunication Museum, and Insect and Butterfly Park Museum.
Then, the East Timor Museum, the Museum of Indonesian Fauna and Komodo and the Reptile Park, the Bayt Al-Koran Museum, and the Istiqlal Museum.
YHK itself was fostered by Soehardjo, Bambang Trihatjmodjo, and Rusmono and Siti Hardiyanti Indra Rukmana as General Chairmen.