The existence of this monstrous black hole so soon after the Big Bang challenges astronomers

Recently discovered by astronomers, Pōniuā’ena is the second most distant quasar ever discovered. Its discovery sheds light on researchers’ theories regarding the formation of black holes.

The astronomers Mauna Kea observatories in Hawaii have discovered that a Titan has an opaque atmosphere that prevents us from seeing the ground. The atmospheric pressure on the ground must be 1.5 bar (1.5 times the terrestrial atmospheric pressure at the level of … “data-image =” midioriginal / c / 0/0 / c00648c380_50034568_titan.jpg “data-url =” “data-more =” Read more “>titan at the edge of history The history of the universe begins some 13.7 billion years ago in an extremely dense and hot soup. The laws of physics as we … “data-image =” “data-url = “” data-more = “Read more”>Universe. Located more than 13 billion years from us – the universe was still only 700 million years old -, Pōniuā’ena is the second It’s at the beginning … “data-image =” -esa.jpg “data-url =” “data-more =” Read more “>quasar the most distant ever. But if this one has to be satisfied with the medal of Generalities
Symbol: AgAtomic number: 47Electrons per energy level: 2, 8, 18, 18, 1Atomic mass: 107,87 Most stable isotopes: 107 Ag stable with … “data-image =” https: //cdn.futura- “data-url =” “data-more = “Read more”>money as for his age, the monster he shelters, him, breaks records. The black hole which feeds it exceeds a billion and a half of the unit of mass: the kilogram
The mass is represented by the symbol m and, in … “data-image =” “data- url = “” data-more = “Read more”>masses solar, which makes Pōniuā’ena the most distant known object housing such a massive black hole. Or rather, also supermassive.

The origins of black holes

According to the researchers, a black hole having emerged 13 billion years ago to reach these massive proportions today would have started with an initial mass equivalent to 10,000 times that of our The Sun is the most star close to Earth, from which it is about 150 million km apart. The Sun is located 8.5 kparsecs from the center of the Milky Way. In the classification of stars, the sun is a G2 type star.
La masse…” data-image=”” data-url=”” data-more=”Lire la suite”>Soleil, or much more than for a black hole born of the When this collapse concerns coherent rocks, we can also speak of rock collapse.
The result of this … “data-image =” “data-url =” “data-more =” Read more “>collapse of a star. We do not know how the Universe could have produce such an imposing black hole as early in its history. According to current theories, the first stars and galaxies would have started to form around 400 million years after the Big Bang, alongside the very first black holes, during an era called “These first …” data-url = “” data-more = “Read more”>reionization ».

The discovery of Pōniuā’ena offers unprecedented keys to understanding this distant time. ” Pōniuā’ena acts like a cosmic beacon. As its white light
The wavelengths of visible light range from about 380 nm (purple) to 780 nm (red). The visible spectrum is … “data-image =” “data-url =” https: // “data-more =” Read more “>light trip to the Structure of the globe … “data-image =” “data-url =” “data-more =” Read more “>Terre over immense distances, sound For example, an acoustic spectrum represents the intensity … “data-url =” “data-more = “Read more”>spectre is altered by gases diffuse of the intergalactic medium
There are different families like:

organic matter, which constitutes living things (animals or plants) or … “data-image =” jpg “data-url =” “data-more =” Read more “>matter found outside of galaxies], which allowed us to determine precisely when the epoch of reionization took place », commente Joseph Hennawi, co-author of the study published in the review Astrophysical Journal Letters.

Pōniuā’ena, the first quasar with a Hawaiian name

If the Hawaiians had already given to the supermasks of galaxies which we are part of the name of Laniakea (“Immeasurable celestial horizon”), or the strange asteroid 1I / 2017 U1 the most singing appellation of Initial (“Scout”, or “messenger”), they had never had the opportunity to pass on part of their heritage by appointing a quasar. It is now done with the baptism of Pōniuā’ena, which means “invisible source of creation surrounded by light”.

The quasar was discovered after a long work of clearing the data collected by the telescope infrared of the United Kingdom (Ukirt), on the Mauna Kea, and the telescope panoramic survey (Pan-Starrs), on the island of Maui. In 2019, observations made using the Gemini observatory and the Pouvant to observe in infrared and visible, it is the largest telescope in the world today. It is part of the Mauna Kea observatory. “Data-url =” “data-more =” Read the definition “>Keck confirm its existence. ” Gemini’s preliminary data suggested it would likely be an important discovery. Our team had observation slots planned only a few weeks later at the Keck, perfectly on time to observe the new quasar with the spectrographe Nires of the observatory, to confirm its red shift extremely marked and measure the mass of his black hole Says Aaron Barth of the University of California.

VIDEO” />This will also interest you

Visit the supermassive black hole in the heart of the Milky Way in virtual reality Exploring the heart of our galaxy as if you were there is now possible thanks to a new VR experience combining the cutting edge of astronomical observation and computer science.

Interested in what you just read?


Share on facebook
Share on pinterest
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on email


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.