These results set new hopes for an end to the viral pandemic corona stronger.
Apart from the level of effectiveness the vaccine protects from Covid-19, the discussion is now beginning to shift to who was the first to receive the vaccine first?
Because the vaccines available in this early phase are limited in number, which is around millions of doses. Meanwhile, the Earth’s population reaches billions of people.
Each country needs to determine how to balance between saving the lives of vulnerable people or stopping the spread of the virus among workers in key sectors.
In France, scientific advisory bodies have marked people by age and occupation that made them vulnerable as a high priority.
Officials may have to choose between a 26-year-old taxi driver who shares limited space with his passengers all day long or a 69-year-old investor who works remotely but has a vulnerable age.
Several countries are targeting the groups with the greatest potential to spread the virus as first recipients of the vaccine.
A number of other countries also agree that the first priority is frontline medical workers, apart from ambulance workers.
The next line up, according to some task forces, should be the elderly who have the greatest risk of consequential complications Covid-19 and lead to death.
In Japan, the government aims to distribute vaccines according to medical risks with the elderly at the forefront.
In Europe, health care workers seem inclined to administer vaccines to residents and caregivers in nursing homes.
This is because nursing homes are the places with the largest number of victims, as happened in Belgium, England and Spain.
Must be transparent
Experts also reminded that vaccine priority decisions must be issued in a transparent manner. Namely based on criteria accepted by the community, not just officials or politicians.
Germany’s vaccine commission said it would provide a research-backed rating with more details on who would be given early vaccine access.
“On evidence-based grounds, we will make it transparent why priority rankings are assigned to certain groups,” the commission said.
In France, the public is actively consulted on the priorities of vaccine recipients.
Meanwhile, a top Labor Party official asked the government to give priority to vulnerable people, the homeless, and residents of night shelters.
Philip Clarke, health economist at the University of Oxford, said the urgency of the priority list would depend on how long a vaccine would take to become widely available.
“That means, if everyone has access for a few weeks, it probably doesn’t matter who took the first or last vaccine,” he said.
“But if a vaccine is rolled out slowly, over months, it may be very important who goes first or last,” he added.
China has different considerations regarding the priority groups of vaccine recipients, because the main risk is imported cases.
China has placed citizens with planned trips abroad among groups prioritizing emergency vaccine use.
Apart from preventing their citizens from bringing the virus home, this measure also reduces the risk of Chinese nationals becoming carriers of the virus abroad.
So the first groups to gain access in China are diplomats, workers in state-owned companies and employees of vaccine makers.