2020/12/31 Corner 24 hours
【2020. 12. 31 Yemen / Saudi Arabia】
The cabinet beheaded by one step?Serial bombings of Yemen Yaden Airport and Presidential Palace under attack
“The Yemen united new cabinet supported by Saudi Arabia is nearly destroyed…” After six years of bloody battle, at least 230,000 people died and 24.3 million people fell into famine in the Yemen Civil War. Serious conflict broke out on the 30th. The new Yemen “Combined Cabinet”, which was originally divided but was reorganized under pressure from its strong neighbor, Saudi Arabia, returned to the headquarters of the government, Port Aden, on Thursday. Just out of the cabin, the international airport was hit by multiple bombs. Although the new prime minister, foreign minister, ministers and officials on the special plane and the Saudi ambassador were all spared, when everyone evacuated into the Presidential Palace in Aden, the official residence was attacked again. This nearly successful “beheading attack” against all Yemen cabinet members. At least 25 people are known to have died and 110 seriously injured. Although Saudi Arabia has angrily accused the government of dicing the “Houthis Army” (Houthis army) to Yemen. Rather than backing Iran, it is the “true culprit” of the attack on the civil aviation airport, but the dissatisfied Nanyemen separatist army and even the resurgence of “al-Qaeda” are secretly active in Aden. The possible mastermind.
The “Yemen Civil War” that began in 2015 was a large-scale rebellion launched by the Shiite armed cult “Houthi” in the northwest against the corruption and incompetence of the Yemen central government. Due to the armed uprising, it coincided with the factional turmoil of the central government. Therefore, the Houthis rushed to Shangluo and took control of the Yemen capital Sanaa in a very short time, and even put Yemen President Abdrabbuh under house arrest. Mansur Hadi). Unexpectedly, with the support of factions and neighboring Arab countries, President Hadi unexpectedly escaped from house arrest by the Houthi forces and led the government remnants to Aden, the southern port. Yemen has since fallen into a civil war between North and South.
However, the rapid rise of the Houthis has aroused the vigilance and anger of its strong northern neighbor, Saudi Arabia. When the first king of Saudi Arabia, King Abdullah, passed away, King Salman, the new king who succeeded to the throne, intended to pull his son out of his son—that was, he ordered the dissident reporter at the Consulate in Istanbul. The current prince Muhammad (MbS), who became known as Jamal Khashoggi, puts an end to the power tradition of the Saudi royal family that “passes the brothers and not the sons”. Therefore, King Salman promised MbS to take over Saudi Arabia. The Ministry of National Defense also mobilized the three armies to “expedite Yemen” in the name of assisting the Yemen government to quell the Houthi rebellion.
The “Yemen Expedition” that the Saudis mobilized their troops originally expected the overwhelming advantage of advanced weapons to quickly annihilate the Houthi army. On the one hand, it hopes to completely prevent the strategic infiltration of its arch-enemy Iran into the Arabian Peninsula; on the other hand, it also hopes to give the young prince MbS “combat prestige” to succeed. Everyone knows that the Gulf Oil Nations coalition led by Saudi Arabia has encountered an unexpected bitter battle. Not only was it unable to effectively defeat the Houthi Army, but the three armies of the country were also caught in the quagmire of the “Vietnam War” war of attrition. , UAV technology to the Houthi army, not only caused the war to burn back to the Saudi mainland – even Riyadh, the capital of Saudi Arabia, thousands of miles away from the Yemen border – has been repeatedly attacked by Houthi missiles.
The development of bitter fighting has not only discredited Saudi Arabia. Years of embargoes, extreme weather, and war disasters have also made Yemen the world’s most severe “food shortage area”. According to the latest statistics of the United Nations in December 2020, Since the outbreak of the civil war, the Yemen Civil War has killed at least 230,000 people; more than half of the dead were killed by “communicable diseases and starvation” because of medical and food shortages. At present, more than 80% of the population in Yemen must rely on international humanitarian assistance, and one-half of the population will starve to death at any time and linger in famine crisis.
The stalemate resistance between the Houthi Army and the Yemen government forces was already tragic enough. Who knows that starting in 2019, the Yemen government forces have again collapsed on their own, and they are divided into the “President Hadi Army” and the “Southern Yemen Army”. The armed confrontation of “men separatists”-President Hadi’s Central Army is backed by Saudi Arabia; the South Yemen Separatist Army, under the name of the “Southern Transition Conference” (STC), has long absorbed the United Arab Emirates (UAE) military aid and armed forces, only through this will join the “Government Army Anti-Houthi Coalition.”
The main reason why STC turned against the central government is still dissatisfied with President Hadi’s incompetence and corruption, and disappointed with the current government leadership. During the conflict, the Southern Independence Army once occupied Aden, the temporary capital of the Yemen government. If it were not for the intervention of UAE and Saudi Arabia, it would have almost forced the Hadi government to “collapse for the second time.”
The internal division of the government army not only gave the Houthis an opportunity to “expand in depth.” It also represented the endless verticality of the “Yemen Civil War” for the Saudi coalition, who regretted war-weary and wished to find a step to retreat. Fall to the bottom. Therefore, since the summer, the Saudi government has invested extremely large external resources and pressure, and finally in December 2020 has it prompted the Hadi government to “temporarily reconcile” with the southern separatists and reluctantly reorganized the “united cabinet.”
And the Aden Airport attack on December 30 was the “key ceremony” of the new joint cabinet after completing unity negotiations and returning from Saudi Arabia to Aden to take office.
Saudi Arabia’s “al-Arabiya” (Al-Arabiya), who witnessed the attack, pointed out that the then newly appointed prime minister, Maeen Abdulmalik Saeed, was about to lead the new cabinet team from the Yemen Airlines plane. Go down the cabin. Unexpectedly, under the enthusiasm of the crowd, a big explosion occurred on the rear apron. For a time, the airport stump was scattered and gunshots broke out, but what kind of attack was in the smoke? Who launched the attack? Are there any ambushes besides bombs? The guard of the government forces is a breakdown.
In the panic, Abdul Malik and others, along with the accompanying “important guest”, the Saudi ambassador to Yemen, were also evacuated urgently from the presidential palace where Aden was banned. Unexpectedly, as soon as the cabinet team entered the official residence, the surrounding area of the presidential palace was once again subjected to “bomb raids.”
Although Prime Minister Abdul Malik, Saudi Arabia’s ambassador and cabinet ministerial members all survived fortunately, no one was injured in the double bombing. But as of the early morning of the 31st, the Aden attack has caused at least 25 deaths and 110 serious injuries.
Three of the deceased were members of the International Red Cross and Crescent Society, who happened to be members of the rescue team at Aden International Airport; the other deceased was Janani (Adeeb Al-Janani), when he was reporting live with the studio, he was bombed to death on the spot on the phone.
The Aden Airport bombing shocked the Middle East. On the one hand, the consecutive bombings not only nearly “destroy the central government”; on the other hand, the process of the attack, which was accidentally broadcast throughout the entire process by various Saudi TV stations; on the other hand, it was the murder. Not only was the attacker able to break into the heavily guarded Aden International Airport, but also accurately anticipated the evacuation route of the top government officials and pursued the Aden Presidential Palace to launch a second wave of bomb attacks.
“Aden Airport is an international civil aviation airport. This attack is obviously a “terrorist attack” conspired by the Houthi military government and Iran!”
After the attack, the dull-faced Saudi and Yemen governments also pointed the finger at their mortal enemy Houthis; but including the United States, the United Nations and the European Union, most of them simply condemned the attacks for “harming civilians and peace.” Opportunity”, did not follow up the accusations made by Saudi Arabia, and shifted the blame for the attack to the Houthi forces who have not yet taken the initiative to take the blame.
The main reason why the international community does not yet know how to react is that the Yemen central government is still in chaos. The number and name list of the dead and injured were not able to produce credible information within 24 hours of the attack; the other is that The serial bomb case at Aden Airport, what kind of attack is still unknown? Qatar’s “Al Jazeera” stated that Yemen’s government forces suspected that the airport was “mortar bombed”; “Associated Press” clues claimed that it was a “drone air strike”; but the scene from Saudi TV station , But also photographed the wreckage of a blasted car, so it is not ruled out that it was a “car bomb” or a “suicide attack.”
The different forms of attacks also affect the judgments of the different real perpetrators. Because in the Yemen battlefield, “drone attack” is indeed the Houthis’s expertise and tactical feature. The indigenous drone air strike technology developed by it has a more accurate precedent for deepening Saudi Arabia and attacking oil refineries; but if “Mortar bombing” is more likely to be the dissatisfied assassination of the Nanyemen separatists. On the one hand, it is because the faction that currently controls Aden is still dominated by STC, but the separatists are not entirely willing to accept ” Political pressure from Saudi Arabia.”
At the same time, the terrorist organization “Qaeda”, which has been active in the central mountain area of Yemen for a long time and has threatened its footprints also deep in Aden, has also re-emerged after being nourished by the long-year civil war in Yemen. Therefore, if it is involved in terrorist attacks by “suicide bombers” Action may also be the hands of Al-Qaeda organization.