Symptoms of HIV Disease, Recognize Early to Prevent AIDS

symptoms of HIV disease
Symptoms of HIV disease. Photo: Ist / net

Symptoms of HIV disease that are similar to flu signs often make people underestimate them. Such as fever, headache, sore throat, until the body feels weak. Handling HIV disease is important to prevent AIDS.

HIV / AIDS is a type of disorder that was once a very frightening specter. Even this disease is a very deadly one. But as time went on, the spotlight on these disturbances decreased.

HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus, which is a type of virus that can damage the body’s immune system. You do this by attacking lymphocytes or white blood cells which are very important for immune.

T-cells or popularly known as CD-4 cells (4 differentiation clusters) are present in white blood cells. Quoting from Wikipedia, these T cells have a very important function and role in protecting and restoring the body (self-healing).

Patients generally do not realize they have this virus because the symptoms of HIV disease are not very clear. Moreover, the signs that arise as a result of this virus attack are long and slow.

Meanwhile, AIDS stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome. AIDS occurs when the body’s immune system is no longer able to fight HIV infection. So that AIDS is the final stage of the impact of HIV attacks.

The condition of the body that is no longer able to defend itself against disease makes it like a living corpse waiting to die. Therefore, this disease is one of the most deadly because it is paralyzing body immunity.

HIV / AIDS occurs not only through sexual intercourse, as is commonly thought. This disease can also be transmitted through various media, such as drooling when talking to sufferers.

Symptoms of Early Stage HIV Disease

Recognizing the symptoms and signs of HIV virus attack is very important so that you can get prompt and accurate treatment. However, to make sure someone is infected with HIV requires medical tests.

The danger of this disease is very important to recognize the existing signs. The following are various symptoms of HIV disease that you should recognize and be aware of.


As with most viruses, the first signs that will appear include body fever. Fever is the body’s natural reaction to fighting bacteria or germs. Symptoms like this also occur in flu.

However, the fever in people with HIV will not go down in three days. In fact, this condition can increase to a high fever. If this happens you should immediately take it to a doctor for further treatment.


Another sign that also usually appears is headache. However, this sign is also common in other diseases, so it is not easy to distinguish it from the HIV virus attack.

However, if the condition of the pain in the head does not improve with ordinary drugs, you should be aware of it as a symptom of HIV disease. Check with your doctor for medical tests to be sure.

Sore throat

Another symptom of a person suffering from HIV infection is a sore throat. Apart from being itchy which is very annoying, this pain also feels hot so that it encourages us to often drink white water.


Another sign that a person has HIV infection is diarrhea. This stomach disorder occurs as a result of the virus attack digestive system. Therefore be aware of these symptoms if they don’t subside immediately.

Skin Rash

The HIV virus attack will also cause a rash on the skin. Not infrequently people who consider the symptoms of HIV disease to be allergies or the impact of temperature changes.

However, if this condition does not improve within a few days you should immediately consult a doctor. Especially if you feel the rash occurs for no apparent reason.

Muscle ache

Muscle disorders such as pain are common when we do a little physical activity. Apart from muscle pain, this pain can also occur in the joints.

However, if this sign appears even though you are not exercising or doing physical work, you need to be vigilant. You need to see a doctor to be sure and get prompt treatment.

Night Sweats Out

Another common symptom of HIV disease is night sweats, especially during sleep. This sign may not matter if the bedroom is stuffy and the ambient air temperature is high.

However, if you sleep in an air-conditioned room and you sweat a lot, it indicates a disturbance in your body. Immediately consult a doctor if the condition does not improve after a few days.

Body Fatigue

An easily tired body can also be a sign that a person has the HV virus. Even so, this symptom is also common in other bacterial or viral attacks. Even getting sick with the flu can cause these symptoms.

Body fatigue that occurs due to physical activity is certainly a common occurrence. However, if you feel that you are not doing physical activity but your body is easily weak, you should be aware too. Moreover, the condition is getting worse.

Genital Ulcers Occur

Another symptom of HIV disease that is quite visible is the wound on the genitals. This sign which is similar to venereal disease is also popularly known as genital ulcers. The shape of the ulcer is more like a thrush.

Lymph node pain

Lymph nodes have a function as support for the immune system against viral attacks. For attacks by germs or ordinary bacteria, the immune system can succeed in warding off disease.

However, if the lymph nodes are swollen, it may indicate that the virus is attacking very aggressively. It also indicates a more severe condition that requires a doctor’s help.

Clinical Stage of HIV Disease Symptoms

Symptoms in the early stages that do not receive prompt and appropriate treatment will continue with the appearance of further symptoms. The following are clinical signs of HIV virus attack and its effects that you should be aware of.

Lost weight

Many people, especially women who want lose weight. However, many have failed. However, if you lose weight gradually without going on a diet you should be aware.

In people with HIV, this weight loss can be drastic. This is the result of damage to the immune system and other organ systems. Even though it is a bit late, consult a doctor immediately.

Susceptible to disease

The next stage, the symptoms of HIV disease are no longer functioning of the immune system. As a result of this HIV virus attack the body will be very susceptible to disease. Even for minor ailments.

This condition also shows that the HIV virus attack has spread. Usually the functions of other body systems will also be disrupted. Immediately consult a doctor for fast treatment.

The development of the HIV virus attack has indeed taken a long time, even for years. However, if the body’s immune system is paralyzed, the virus will control the body. In this condition, the patient can pass the disease on to other people.

Symptoms of HIV / AIDS and its complications

HIV virus attack that is not handled properly will cause damage to the body’s immune system. Symptoms of this disease that has become AIDS can lead to complications that may occur.

Symptoms and signs of AIDS include high fever for days, an easily tired body, difficulty breathing, persistent diarrhea, and drastic weight loss.

Increasingly severe endurance will also lead to persistent purple spots and yeast infections in the mouth, throat, and genitals.

In severe conditions, people with HIV / AIDS will experience various complications of dangerous diseases. As cancer, bacterial infections, tuberculosis (TB), toxoplasmosis, cryptococcal miningitis, and others.

Those are the various symptoms of HIV disease that we should be aware of and recognize early on. Quick and precise treatment is very important to prevent AIDS and the occurrence of dangerous complications. (R11/HR-Online)

Editor: Eva Latifah

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