If in December we announced the 7 GW of installed power in the country, a new study by Absolar now announces that the country has added 1 GW and has brought in more than 41 billion reais ($ 7.3 billion) in new investments .
April 7, 2021
Just four months after announcing that Brazil reached 7 GW of operational solar capacity, a new study by the Brazilian Association of Photovoltaic Solar Energy (Absolar) states that Brazil has just surpassed the historic milestone of 8 GW of installed solar energy operational capacity. photovoltaics in large plants and small and medium-scale systems installed on roofs, facades and plots. Since 2012, photovoltaics has brought in more than 41 billion reais ($ 7.3 billion) in new investment.
In the centralized generation segment, Brazil has an installed capacity of 3.1 GW in photovoltaic solar plants, which represents 1.7% of the country’s electricity matrix. In 2019, photovoltaic solar energy was the most competitive among all renewable sources in the two New Energy Auctions organized by the government that year, A-4 and A-6, with average prices below $ 21.00 / MWh.
Large-scale photovoltaic solar energy is currently the seventh source of energy in Brazil, with plants in operation in nine Brazilian states, in the Northeast regions (Bahía, Ceará, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piauí and Rio Grande do Norte), Southeast ( Minas Gerais and São Paulo) and Central-West (Tocantins). Accumulated investments in this segment exceed 16,000 million reais (1.8 billion dollars).
Adding the installed capacities of the distributed and centralized generation segments, the photovoltaic solar source is ranked sixth in the Brazilian electricity matrix, behind hydro, wind, biomass, natural gas and diesel thermal power plants and other fossil fuels. The solar source already represents more than the sum of all the installed capacity of coal plants and nuclear plants, which add up to 5.6 GW.
Distributed generation, with 4.9 GW, continues to lead
In the distributed generation segment, photovoltaic solar energy reached an installed capacity of 4.9 GW, bringing to Brazil more than 24 billion reais in new investments since 2012 (4.3 billion dollars), spread over the five national regions. Photovoltaic solar energy represents more than 99.9% of the number of distributed generation systems and leads the distributed generation segment by a wide margin.
Residential consumers lead the number of systems installed, representing 74.0% of the total. They are followed by companies in the commercial and service sector (16.3%), rural consumers (7.0%), industries (2.4%), public buildings (0.4%) and other types, such as public services (0.03%) and public lighting (0.01%).
In terms of installed capacity, residential consumers lead the use of photovoltaic solar energy, with 39.2% of the installed capacity in the country, closely followed by consumers in the commercial and services sector (37.8%) , rural consumers (13.0%), industries (8.6%), public buildings (1.2%) and other types, such as public services (0.1%) and public lighting (0, 02%).
According to Absolar, there are more than 411 thousand solar photovoltaic systems connected to the grid in Brazil, supplying clean energy to more than 515 thousand consumer units. Solar photovoltaic technology is present in all Brazilian states, being the leaders in installed capacity, respectively Minas Gerais (887.1 MW), São Paulo (613.6 MW), Rio Grande do Sul (601.8 MW), Mato Grosso (360.9 MW) and Paraná (285.3 MW).
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