Scientists Use Lava Tubes in Hawaii, So Mars-style Training Location

Suara.com – For scientist utilize lava tubes in Hawaii to simulate conditions on Mars, given the ambitious mission to build the first base and habitat on the Red Planet.

While dressed in large clothing such as those required for space exploration, the experts studied the geology and organisms found in the tunnels and lava caves of the Mauna Loa volcano, Hawaii.

This research station is run by the International Moon Base Alliance (IMBA), an association to develop the first international Moon base.

“This is a part of Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (Hi-SEAS), which conducts analogous missions for ‘astronaut’ scientists, mimicking the experience of life on Mars and the Moon, “said Michaela Musilova, director of Hi-SEAS. Live Science, Tuesday (6/4/2021).

Also Read:
Former World War II, Scientists Dive Into the World’s Deepest Shipwreck

During the Hi-SEAS mission, teams of six crew members stay in lava tube habitats for weeks or months.

Resources such as food, water and electricity are very limited and as such, are closely monitored.

Hawaii Space Exploration Analog and Simulation (Hi-SEAS). [Hi-SEAS]

Crew members leave the habitat only after wearing protective clothing, helmets, and life support systems.

This simulation also explains the difficulties of conducting research in extreme environments.

Experts chose lava tubes in Hawaii because lava tubes on the Moon and Mars are considered promising locations for finding signs of extraterrestrial life.

Also Read:
Most Powerful Explosion in the Universe, Scientists Find Rare Black Holes

Studying lava tubes in Hawaii could also provide clues about extremophiles, organisms that thrive in extreme conditions, on other planets.

Read Also:  Scientists claim, this method will stop sea level rising

Because of this, Hi-SEAS partnered with NASA to study the Mauna Loa extremophile, which creates deposits in lava tubes.

Sampling and studying these organisms can reveal how various factors influence the behavior and survival of extremophiles, in lava tube systems across the solar system.

However, another challenge that must be faced is that the samples are easily contaminated and performing tasks becomes much more difficult when wearing cumbersome clothing and equipment.

Illustration of the surface of the planet Mars (Shutterstock).
Illustration of the surface of the planet Mars (Shutterstock).

Even so, Musilova said, the better mankind is prepared for life on other planets, the better the plans will be.

.

Share on facebook
Facebook
Share on pinterest
Pinterest
Share on twitter
Twitter
Share on linkedin
LinkedIn
Share on email
Email

Comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Trending