Science: Science and Technology: Lenta.ru

The Journal of the American College of Cardiology published research results according to which drinks with popular artificial sweeteners were potentially dangerous and could increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. About it reported in the press release on EurekAlert !.

In an observational study, 104,760 volunteers took part, who recorded what food and drink they ate for 24 hours every six months. Beverages were defined as sweet if they contained five percent or more of sugar. All participants were divided into several categories depending on the level of consumption of sugary drinks (including 100% juices, syrups and fruit drinks) and drinks with sugar substitutes (aspartame, sucralose and stevia): low consumption, high consumption and non-consumption …

Scientists monitored the health of the volunteers from 2009 to 2019 and noted cardiovascular diseases arising in the participants for the first time, including stroke, transient ischemic attack, myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndrome and a condition requiring angioplasty (invasive expansion of the vascular lumen). Cardiovascular disorders were noted in 1,379 patients, with those who frequently consumed sugary or sweetened drinks most at risk (the risk increased by 20 percent).

Since the study was observational, the results cannot be used to clearly establish a causal relationship. For example, people already suffering from obesity, which contributes to heart disease, may have switched to sweetened drinks. Recently, however, there is growing evidence that artificial sweeteners can also negatively affect health. For instance, there are evidence that aspartame can cause liver and lung cancer, brain damage, and neuroendocrine disorders.

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