Scabies or Scabies: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

KOMPAS.com – Scabies or scabies is an itchy skin condition caused by a tiny flea called Sarcoptes scabiei which cannot be seen with the naked eye.

Severe itching can occur in the area where the river is lodged.

The urge to scratch may become very strong at night.

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Scabies is contagious and can spread rapidly through close physical contact in families, child care groups, school classes, nursing homes or prisons.

Because scabies is so contagious, doctors often recommend treatment for entire families or groups of contacts.

Launch Mayo Clinic, sign and symptoms of scabies among others can be:

  • Itching, often severe and usually gets worse at night
  • There are small rollers or bumps that are bitten by mosquitoes, but in scabies, the bumps are very many and are on thin skin

The burrows or traces usually appear in the skin folds.

Although nearly any part of the body may be involved, scabies or scabies in adults and older children is most commonly found in:

  • Between the fingers
  • Armpit
  • Around the waist
  • Along the inside of the wrist
  • Inner elbow
  • Soles of the feet
  • Around the breast
  • Around the male genital area
  • Butt
  • Knee

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In infants and young children, common areas of infestation usually include:

  • Scalp
  • Palm
  • Soles of the feet

If you’ve had scabies before, signs and symptoms can develop within days of exposure.

If you haven’t had scabies before, it can take up to six weeks for signs and symptoms to start.

You can still spread scabies even if you don’t have any signs or symptoms.

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When to see a doctor

Talk to your doctor if you have signs and symptoms that may indicate scabies.

Many other skin conditions, such as dermatitis or eczema, are also associated with itching and small bumps on the skin.

Your doctor can help determine the exact cause of your skin complaint and ensure that you are receiving the right treatment.

Bathing and using over-the-counter medications can relieve itching, but not scabies.

The eight-legged mite that causes scabies in humans is microscopic.

The female mite can burrow right under your skin and create tunnels for laying eggs.

After that, the eggs hatch and the flea larvae work their way to the surface of the skin, where these larvae will mature and can spread to other areas of your skin or onto other people’s skin.

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Itching due to scabies is caused by an allergic reaction by the body to the mites, eggs, and faeces.

Physical contact and sharing clothing or bedding with an infected person can spread the mites.

Animals and humans can be affected by different species of mites.

Each species prefers one particular type of host and does not live long away from that preferred host.

That is, humans may only experience temporary skin reactions from contact with the animal scabies mite.

However, most people in general cannot develop scabies from this river.

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Complications of scabies

Scars from a strong itchy scratch can damage the skin and allow secondary bacterial infections, such as impetigo.

Impetigo is a superficial skin infection most commonly caused by bacteria Staph (Staphylococcus) or sometimes by bacteria Strep (Streptococcus).

Meanwhile, a more severe form of scabies is known as crusted scabies.

This scabies can affect certain high-risk groups, including:

  • People with chronic health conditions that weaken the immune system, such as HIV or chronic leukemia
  • People who are seriously ill, such as people in hospitals or nursing facilities
  • Parents in a nursing home

This crusted scabies is also known as Norwegian scabies.

Norwegian scabies tends to make the skin crusty and scaly, and it affects large areas of the body.

Crusted scabies is highly contagious and difficult to treat.

Typically, a person with common mange has about 10 to 15 mites.

Meanwhile, someone with crusted scabies may be infested with millions of mites.

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Summarize WebMDAfter the examination is done and it is confirmed that you have scabies, someone can use a topical drug to destroy the sarcoptes scabiei tick.

The doctor may recommend that you regularly apply the medicine to the skin at least once a week until it heals, that is, all lice and itching that occur are gone.

Meanwhile, maintaining cleanliness is the most necessary thing to avoid this disease.

How to decide the growth of lice causes of scabies among others, it can be done by washing all clothes, towels, sheets of people with scabies with hot water.

Meanwhile, the bed can be dried in the sun because these fleas will die with heat above 50 degrees Celsius.

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