Starting from India, Belarus, to Black Sea.
Quoted from Kontan.co.id news, Thursday (17/9/2020), two ships Navy AS enter Black Sea at different times. Namely, the Arleigh Burke class guided missile destroyer USS Roosevelt (DDG 80) and the Spearhead class fast transport ship USNS Yuma.
Through its Twitter account, the US Navy’s 6th Fleet announced, USS Roosevelt began transit to the North en route to the Black Sea on Tuesday (15/9). A moment later, USNS Yuma began transit north to the Black Sea on Wednesday (16/9).
The USS Roosevelt and USNS Yuma’s presence in the Black Sea, the US Navy’s 6th Fleet said, was to initiate routine maritime operations.
So, where is the Black Sea?
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Black Sea Lakes
Summarized from Britannica, the Black Sea is located in Eurasia and has an area of 436,400 square kilometers. This sea is surrounded by Europe, Caucasus and Anatolia.
The countries bordering the Black Sea are Ukraine to the north, Russia to the northeast, Georgia to the east, Turkey to the south, and Bulgaria and Romania to the west. These waters are also surrounded by the Pontic, Caucasus and Crimean Mountains to the South, East and North respectively.
In addition, it is bordered by the Strandzha mountains in the Southwest and the Dobrogea Plateau in the Northwest. With a maximum depth of 2,212 meters, this sea is the confluence of a number of rivers, such as the Danube, Southern Bug, Dnieper, Rioni and Dniester.
The Black Sea is connected to the Mediterranean Sea through the Bosphorus, then through the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles Strait. The Black Sea is also connected to the Aegean and Cretan Seas before meeting the Mediterranean Sea.
Why is it called the Black Sea?
The Black Sea is not black, but blue like the sea in general. There are various theories about how this sea can be called the Black Sea.
The name Black Sea is believed to have been given by the Turks in medieval times. Historical documents show, during the period of the Ottoman Empire, the Black Sea was referred to by names such as Bahr-e Siyah or Karadeniz, which means Black Sea in Ottoman Turkish.
Apart from that, there is a reason behind the naming of the Black Sea. According to one argument, storms during winter make the waters of the Black Sea appear black, so sailors call it the Black Sea.
Another theory states, objects that sink in the water get black mud that covers up after a certain period of time. The discovery of such objects across the sea may be the reason behind their name.
Potential natural resources of the Black Sea
The Black Sea is an important transportation artery connecting Eastern European countries with world markets. Odessa, Ukraine’s historic city, together with the port near Illichivsk, accounts for a large proportion of sea freight turnover.
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In Bulgaria, Varna and Burgas are the main ports. While the Port of Constanța, in Romania connects oil-producing areas with foreign markets.
In addition, the good natural potential makes the Black Sea a source of foreign exchange to bring tourists to the surrounding countries. Bulgaria and Romania’s sandy beaches have also attracted a growing number of tourists.
Not only that, the Black Sea also found giant natural gas reserves. Launching Kontan.co.id, Saturday (22/8/2020), Turkey announced that its largest natural gas discovery in the Black Sea reached 320 billion cubic meters (11.3 trillion cubic feet), according to President Tayyip Erdogan.
“These reserves are actually part of a much bigger source. God willing, more will come,” Erdogan said as quoted by Reuters.
If the gas can be produced commercially, the discovery could change Turkey’s dependence on Russia, Iran and Azerbaijan for energy imports. Erdogan said his country was ultimately determined to become a net energy exporter.
Analysts said it was unclear whether the 320 billion cubic meters Erdogan announced was referring to an estimate of total gas or the amount that could be produced commercially. However, it was a great discovery.
“This is Turkey’s biggest discovery by a wide margin, and one of the biggest global discoveries of 2020,” said Thomas Purdie, consultant Wood Mackenzie.
This article has been published on Kontan.co.id with the title “Knowing the Black Sea, why is it called the Black Sea?”