KOMPAS.com – Sinusitis is a common condition in which the lining of the sinuses becomes inflamed. This condition can be dangerous if there is blockage and contains fluid. This can cause infection because there are germs that grow.
Sinusitis is usually caused by a viral infection that can go away on its own, so most people don’t need to bother seeing a doctor.
Acute sinusitis will disappear in two or three weeks and of course you can treat yourself at home.
Reporting from NHS Inform, Saturday (24/10/2020), sinusitis it may get worse or not get better, making it difficult to treat and it may take months to heal, until you need to see a doctor or hospital specialist.
- When you feel fever and pain then take paracetamol and painkillers that are sold freely. But it is necessary to pay attention to the dosage of the drug, then it is not recommended to give aspirin to children under 16 years of age
- For nasal congestion you can use decongestant nasal sprays or drops, but these should not be used more than once a week.
- You can relieve facial pain by applying compresses to your face to help the mucus drain from the sinuses.
- Salt water solution can help open nasal congestion and reduce nasal discharge, clean the inside of your nose regularly.
Clean your nose
Homemade brine solutions or solutions made with sachets of ingredients purchased from pharmacies can be used to clean the inside of the nose.
How to make a solution You need to provide one liter of warm water, one teaspoon of salt and one spoon of bicarbonarat, to rinse the nose. The steps that need to be done are
- Wash and dry hands
- Standing on the sink, hold your palm with one hand and pour a small amount of the solution into it
- Inhale water into one nostril at a time
Get your sinuses checked by a doctor
See a doctor if within 7-10 days your sinusitis still doesn’t improve or is getting worse. Your doctor may recommend medications such as corticosteroid drops or sprays, or antibiotics.
When there is no change, the general practitioner may refer to an Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) specialist to discuss performing surgery.
Corticosteroid drops or sprays
Corticosteroids, also known as steroids, are a group of drugs that can help reduce inflammation.
Swelling of the sinuses occurs and to reduce the inflammation, the doctor may prescribe steroid nasal drops or sprays.
It can be used for several months. But there are side effects such as nasal irritation, sore throat and nosebleeds.
The doctor will prescribe antibiotic tablets or capsules to treat the infection, if the doctor thinks your sinuses may be infected from bacteria.
Antibiotics should be taken for a week, although they may sometimes be prescribed for longer. Possible side effects of antibiotics include feeling and sickness, diarrhea and upset stomach.
If treatment has been given, but the sinusitis is not getting better, the doctor will perform a procedure to increase the drainage of mucus from the sinuses by performing an operation known as sinus surgery functional endoscopy (FESS).
FESS is usually performed under general anesthesia. During the procedure, the surgeon will insert an endoscope into the nose which is a thin tube with a lens at one end that enlarges the inside of the nose.
During the operation, the surgeon will mremove any tissue, such as nasal polyps (growths), that are blocking the affected sinus.
Next, the doctor will perform a balloon catheter dilation, which means inflating a small balloon in the drainage channel of your sinus to widen it, before the balloon is deflated and lifted.
The potential side effects and risks of this sinus surgery procedure include temporary discomfort and crusting of the skin inside the nose, bleeding from the nose and infection.