Double the growth rate of the Italian economy bringing it from the average of + 0.8% of the last decade to a level in line with the European average of 1.6%; increase investments to 3% of GDP, achieve an increase in the employment rate of 10 percentage points, rising from the current 63% in Italy to 73.2% of the current EU average; bring R&D expenditure to 2.1% compared to the current 1.3%. These are some of the “quantitative objectives” and “challenges” that the government aims to achieve with the proposals of the Next Generation Eu plan, envisaged with the Recovery Fund.
Less taxes on middle classes and families
“An overall reform of direct and indirect taxation, aimed at designing a simple and transparent fair tax for citizens, which in particular reduces the tax burden on the middle classes and families with children and accelerates the transition of the economic system towards greater environmental sustainability “. It is another of the points of the guidelines indicated in the chapter “Tax reform” which provides for the transfer of the burden “from people to things” and a “reduction of the tax burden together with a tax system favorable to
growth “.” The government – it is also explained – has also decided to deactivate all the increases in VAT and excise duties provided for by the safeguard clauses “.
The minimum wage also enters the guidelines of the National Recovery and Resilience Plan sent by the government to Parliament. “The introduction of the legal minimum wage – reads the document – will guarantee workers in sectors with a low rate of union membership a level of income linked to a decent minimum standard, while avoiding contractual dumping and strengthening bargaining in the sectors where it is most weak”. The protection of the most vulnerable workers will also be achieved through the strengthening of national collective bargaining and union representation in the workplace.
Equity, it starts with Family act and Irpef
Social, gender and territorial equity. It is another of the six missions indicated in the PNRR guidelines sent by the government to Parliament. To achieve the objective, the areas of intervention indicated range from the creation of jobs and income protection to the strengthening of active policies also in favor of youth employment, from the fight against undeclared work to “female empowerment” with training courses, employability and self-employment for women and with the aim of reducing the gender pay gap. Central to the Family act “linked to the IRPEF reform” and the implementation of the South Plan 2030.
School, wiring and more nurseries
Optical fiber cabling of school and university infrastructures to be upgraded also in terms of energy efficiency and anti-seismic. But also the arrival of infrastructures for e-learning and the strengthening of kindergartens and crèches between zero and six years. These are some of the thematic areas envisaged by the mission “Education, Training, Research and Culture” of the guidelines for the Recovery Plan. Among the ‘chapters’ there is also the strengthening of research, the retraining and training of teaching staff, the digitization of processes and learning tools. It also aims at new digital tools for the protection of cultural heritage.
Justice, taxation, public administration as supportive policies
Four reforms – Taxation, PA, Justice, Labor – and commitment to public investments and research and development: these are the six ‘support’ policies for the Recovery Plan that the government indicates in the guidelines sent to Parliament. In addition to greater efficiency and equity of the tax authorities, the aim is to reduce the complexity and slowness of justice that “undermines the competitiveness of businesses and the propensity to invest in the country”. In the labor market, greater protection is being sought for vulnerable workers, through fiscal incentives to contractual welfare, and guarantees for “decent wages”. For investments “it is necessary to strengthen and simplify the management processes for monitoring the financial, physical and procedural implementation of public investments”.
Health, more read and digital dossier
Improve the hospitality quality of hospitals, including intensive care beds, invest in the digitalization of medical assistance, promoting the dissemination of electronic health records and telemedicine, strengthen the proximity of the NHS facilities, support medical, immunological and pharmaceutical research. These are the objectives of the Health mission indicated in the guidelines on the NRP sent by the government to Parliament. “A specific investment – we read – will be promptly launched on chronicity and home care to overcome the current shortcomings of the RSA system”.
Digitization, from a single network to 5 g
The “completion of the national fiber optic telecommunications network”, interventions “for the development of 5G” but also the creation of datacenters and clouds and the arrival of the “Single Digital Identity for citizens and businesses”. These are some of the chapters foreseen by one of the six ‘missions’ – the one relating to ‘digitization, innovation and competitiveness of the production system’ – indicated in the guidelines for the Recovery Plan that the government sent to Parliament.
Infrastructure, HS and rail corridors
Completion of TEN-T railway corridors, high speed for passengers and goods, development of the road and motorway network, bridges, viaducts and ports, smart districts and public and private mobility with sustainable environmental impact. These are the objectives indicated in the Infrastructure for Mobility mission. The government aims to reduce the gap between the Center-North and the South.
Reviewing motorway concessions, columns on the network
Give further impetus to the review of motorway concessions “in order to ensure greater transparency, competitiveness between operators and the correct balance between the public interest and entrepreneurial interest, as well as the constant improvement of the service for users, promptly implementing the resolutions of the ‘Transport regulatory authority “. This is another of the specific indications contained in the guidelines on the Recovery plan sent to Parliament. The motorway network, the document still reads, must be adapted to the progressive spread of electric vehicles, through the provision of columns for fast recharging.
Green revolution, less coal, more woods
Infrastructures for a gradual decarbonisation in transport, urban forestation plans and also reforestation to limit hydrogeological risks; investments in the circular economy starting from waste and renewable sources; integrated management of the water cycle; advantageous taxation for sustainable businesses; support for the ecological transition for agriculture, industry and the steel industry (Taranto). Instead, these are some of the ‘chapters’ envisaged by the “green revolution and ecological transition” mission that the government has included among the guidelines of the Recovery Plan, providing for investments aimed at achieving the objectives of the European Green Deal.
Meanwhile, in a letter the Prime Minister Giuseppe says he is ready to report to the Chambers the proposal of the guidelines for the definition of the Italian Recovery and Resilience Plan to access the funds provided by the Recovery Fund: “If the Chambers deem it appropriate, the the government is available to report on the essential lines of the document, both in the decentralized offices of the commissions and in the plenary seat of the assembly “. “In each of the steps, in the spirit of maximum collaboration and synergy between government and Parliament, the full involvement of the Chambers will be ensured in order to implement guidelines, evaluations and concrete proposals for intervention – assured Conte in the letter – The current planning phase represents a strategic junction, a historical opportunity that cannot be renounced for the success of the economic action and for the prospects for growth and modernization of Italy. Certainly the challenge that awaits us is extremely complex and requires the deployment of the best energies and skills of the country as well as the constant dialogue and collaboration between the institutions “.
And if Conte is therefore ready to report the guidelines of the plan, the opposition argues that “in the preparation of the Recovery Fund, the government is still the ‘dear friend'”, as stated Mariastella Gelmini, Forza Italia group leader in the Chamber of Deputies, speaking on “Radio Anch’io”, on Radio Uno. “Gualtieri – he added – spoke of a few projects, exactly the opposite of what is happening: we are facing a myriad of projects without an indication yet. We would have expected, in the meantime, a different date for Gualtieri’s hearing. . The majority calls for dialogue with the opposition and chooses as a date the week in which Parliament is closed due to the commitments on the territories of all of us for the electoral campaign. But net of the date, to date there has been no involvement of the opposition, no indication of priorities, many projects with the dispersion of resources in a thousand streams “, he concluded. “Now that’s enough – Mara Carfagna, vice president of the Chamber and deputy of Forza Italia urges on Twitter – President Conte stops with the fiction of these invitations to dialogue, as if the opposition does not want to talk to him. arrange a meeting, but he’s gone. Now come to Parliament and listen to our proposals on the Recovery Fund. “