“Preventing Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes: Understanding the Risks and Benefits of Diet and Exercise”

Written by Nahir Abdel Nabi

Friday, 05 May 2023 02:00 PM

Prediabetes means that sugar levels in the blood that is higher than normal but not yet in the diabetic range when left unchecked, type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance when your body does not use insulin properly leading to problems with blood sugar processing and possibly a host of serious medical illnesses , including heart disease and stroke.

And according to healthmatters, many complications of diabetes can be prevented or reduced through early diagnosis and treatment. It is clear that an increase in body weight increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, with an increase in body weight in the general population. something like.

Experts believe it is caused by a combination of genetics (family history), ethnic background, and lifestyle habits (dietary excesses and lack of exercise).

Diet and exercise can be equally important when it comes to preventing prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes cannot be prevented. It is an autoimmune disease that usually occurs at a younger age as it does not produce insulin. Individuals must take insulin for as long as possible. Type 1 life accounts for 5 percent of all diabetes cases.

One reason for the association between weight gain and diabetes is that fat cells cause resistance to the hormone insulin, which regulates blood sugar. With prediabetes as well as with type 2, the body gradually becomes more resistant to insulin, and without insulin well, blood sugar rises.

In every case for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes, if blood sugar is not returned to normal, either through diet changes, exercise, and medications to improve blood sugar, blood vessels throughout the body can be damaged. This leads to complications such as blindness, kidney failure, and neuropathy (nerve damage), as well as heart attacks and strokes.

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A CDC study known as the National Diabetes Prevention Program found that people who participated in a healthy eating and exercise program and lost 5 to 7 percent of their total body weight were able to reduce weight and had a 58 percent lower risk of developing diabetes.

The results were even more dramatic for people over 60: A 5 percent weight loss reduced the risk of older adults developing type 2 diabetes by 71 percent.

Whatever your weight at first, if you lose 5 to 7 percent of your total weight, you will get massive health benefits.” This is because as fat cells shrink, the change in the production of key hormones improves insulin resistance, inflammation, blood pressure, and many other associated metabolic disorders. with obesity.”

2023-05-05 11:00:00

#risk #prediabetes #symptoms

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