Longevity has actually become the “culprit” of certain diseases. Which diseases are more likely to occur as people live longer? How should we prevent it?
In older people, the functions of various organs in the body will gradually decline, the immune function will also gradually weaken, the body will be weaker, and the disease resistance will be reduced. Therefore, older people are more likely to suffer from rectal cancer than younger people. Especially for people over 45 years old, the incidence rate is significantly higher than that of young people.
The occurrence of rectal cancer is not only related to age, but also to daily diet and genetics. If you usually eat too much spicy food, and often eat a lot of pickled, fried, deep-fried, or grilled food, it is also easy to induce rectal cancer. In addition, if someone in the family suffers from rectal cancer, the chance of the next generation suffering from rectal cancer will be higher than normal.
Prevent rectal cancerIt is recommended to do this:
1. Colonoscopy screening is recommended after the age of 45
It is recommended that people over the age of 45 undergo colonoscopy. If everything is normal, they can have a reexamination in 3 to 5 years. If they are determined to be high-risk, they should follow the doctor’s recommendation and have a reexamination in 1 to 2 years or even shorter.
2. Maintain healthy eating habits
① It is recommended to replace red meat with excess animal fat with fish, poultry, lean meat, and low-fat dairy products;
②Replace fried foods with boiled or steamed foods;
③ Increase the intake of green leafy and root vegetables and fruits;
④ Pay attention to increasing the intake of fiber, such as fungi, fresh beans, and bamboo shoots;
⑤ Eat more fresh food, less pickled, fried, deep-fried, grilled and smoked food, and no moldy food.
3. Keep defecation smooth
Constipation patients can cultivate the habit of defecation by squatting regularly every day. Over time, a conditioned reflex will be formed, and when the time comes, they will have the urge to defecate, and propulsive peristalsis will also occur in the gastrointestinal tract. In addition, it is best not to bring a mobile phone with you when going to the toilet. Regardless of squatting or sitting on the toilet, the toilet time should not exceed 5 minutes, and people with constipation should not exceed 10 minutes.
4. Try to avoid sitting for long periods of time
Change your sedentary state. Do not sit still for more than 1.5 hours at a time. When the time is up, get up and exercise for about 10 minutes. Exercise 3 to 5 times a week, for at least 30 minutes each time. Jogging, swimming, and brisk walking are all good ways.
5. Get enough fluids
It is recommended to develop the habit of drinking a cup of warm water (300ml to 500ml) in the morning. Adults should drink no less than 1500ml of water every day to help promote intestinal peristalsis.
Generally speaking, blood pressure will increase with age. When it increases to the standard of hypertension as we currently define it, it becomes hypertension.
High blood pressure is not formed in a day. In addition to being related to increasing age, it is also closely related to small things in daily life, such as salty meals, lack of daily activities, mental stress, obesity and other problems, which can easily increase blood pressure. Having an irritable and angry personality and putting your body in a state of stress can easily lead to elevated blood pressure.
If these factors persist, changes in the arteries will occur, with the walls thickening and hardening, the lumens becoming smaller, and atherosclerosis developing in the walls. The changes in the arteries, in turn, will further increase blood pressure, forming a vicious cycle.
Prevent high blood pressureIt is recommended to do this:
1. Keep exercising
Regular physical activities can prevent and control high blood pressure, such as walking, swimming, Tai Chi, housework, etc. The amount of activity should generally reach moderate intensity.
2. Limit salt intake
A high-salt diet significantly increases the risk of hypertension. Adults should consume no more than 5 grams of salt per day.
3. Reduce the intake of foods rich in fat and sugar.
Limit the use of cooking oil and eat more vegetables and fruits.
4. Eat less fast food
Try to eat at home to help control fat, salt and sugar intake.
5. Quit smoking
Smoking is harmful to health and smokers should quit smoking as soon as possible.
6. Take medicine on time and follow up regularly
Hypertensive patients should take medications on time as directed by their doctor and have regular follow-up visits to reduce the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
According to statistics, about 1.56 million middle-aged and elderly people suffer from herpes zoster every year. Age is the most important risk factor for shingles. People over 50 years old are susceptible to the disease. The older you are, the more likely you are to get the disease and the condition will be more severe.
Herpes zoster is actually caused by the varicella zoster virus. If you have had chickenpox, the virus will be lurking in your body. Under normal circumstances, it will be “peaceful”. But when our immunity is weakened, the virus may come out to “monster” and make us susceptible to herpes zoster. In the outpatient clinic, most of the patients treated are middle-aged and elderly people. In addition to herpes, patients often suffer from burning, electric shock, and knife-like pain and are “in agony”.
Herpes zoster is preventable and curable, and early prevention is particularly important. If herpes zoster is not treated promptly, neuralgia may be left behind. Vaccination is a way to prevent herpes zoster and is currently the most effective measure.
In addition to increasing age, people who suffer from high blood pressure, diabetes, and respiratory and digestive system diseases; often stay up late, work overtime, and drink alcohol; suffer from immune system diseases, such as lupus erythematosus, AIDS, etc.; and those who often take hormones, etc., are prone to lower immunity. , can also easily induce herpes zoster.
except through vaccinesPrevent shinglesyou should also do the following on a daily basis:
1. Maintain good sleep and enhance your own resistance.
To prevent herpes zoster, you should strengthen your physique and improve your disease resistance so that the virus cannot take advantage of it. The simplest way is to maintain good sleep.
2. Pay attention to diet and exercise regularly
Daily diet is very important. Eating more legumes, fish and lean meat can help enhance resistance and prevent herpes zoster. Regular exercise can also help strengthen physical fitness.
3. People over 50 years old need to pay special attention
When you get older, when you catch a cold, when you are stressed, when you are too tired from work, when you are injured, have surgery, or suffer from cancer, you must take good care of yourself, do “daily maintenance” of your body, pay attention to strengthening your immunity, and it is recommended to get vaccinated as early as possible. Diagnose and treat problems early!
Eyes, like other organs, will also undergo some aging changes with age. “Floaters”, also known as vitreous opacity, refers to the appearance of opaque substances in the vitreous body of the human eye, causing blurred vision or floating mosquitoes, black shadows, or clouds in front of the eyes. Because the symptoms may make the patient feel like there are small flying insects flying in front of his eyes, it is called “floaters”.
“Floaters” are more common in middle-aged and elderly people, people with “three highs” diseases or high myopia, and are divided into physiological and pathological causes. Physiological “floaters” are a normal aging phenomenon of the human eye, most of which are caused by vitreous insufficiency and detachment with age. Pathological “floaters” may be the first symptom of some diseases. For example, retinal holes and retinal detachments often present as sudden “floaters” in one eye at first. If not taken seriously, this early signal may be missed, aggravating the condition and worsening the prognosis.
Prevent or relieve floatersyou might as well change your eye-using habits first:
1. Blink more often
Prolonged use of mobile phones, computers and other electronic products will reduce the number of blinks, lead to eye fatigue and induce “floaters”. When working, remember to remind yourself to increase your blink frequency, it is recommended to 4 to 6 times per minute; reduce the time you use mobile phones and computer screens, and avoid turning off the lights and playing with mobile phones.
2. Increase fruit and vegetable intake
Eat appropriate foods rich in vitamin C and lutein, such as spinach, broccoli, carrots, tomatoes, citrus, kiwi, mango, etc.
3. Avoid long-term sleep deprivation
Lack of sleep or diseases such as diabetes and depression may also cause vitreous opacity. Try to go to bed before 23:00 every day, and try to ensure 7 to 8 hours of sleep every night. People with long-term insomnia are best to go to a sleep medicine center or a psychiatric department in time.
4. Don’t use eye drops indiscriminately
When many people have dry eyes, they will randomly drop some eye drops they bought themselves, or even blindly buy eye drops from Internet celebrities or imported eye drops. Such products often contain preservatives, and frequent use may cause drug-induced keratitis and aggravate symptoms.
5. Check your fundus regularly
For people with high myopia or risk factors for retinal detachment, it is recommended to have a fundus examination every 3 months to half a year.
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