KOMPAS.com – Corona virus can affect anyone and cause symptoms or varying degrees of seriousness.
Some time ago, a report issued by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) showed that 94 percent of cases were deaths Covid-19 in the United States occurs in patients with comorbidities or have comorbidities.
Head of the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) and Chair of the Covid-19 Handling Task Force Doni Monardo also asked family members with comorbidities to be separated from young family members.
The reason is, young family members have the potential to become carriers of the corona virus without showing symptoms, so it can be dangerous for family members with comorbids.
So, what are the comorbidities (comorbid) that can worsen a person’s condition when exposed to the corona virus?
Epidemiologist from the Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing (FKKMK) Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) Bayu Satria explained that a number of comorbidities related to Covid-19 could worsen the patient’s condition.
The following are these diseases:
- Mellitus diabetes
- Autoimmune diseases such as lupus / SLE
- Kidney illness
- Coronary heart disease
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
- Other chronic diseases
- Tumor / cancer / malignancy
- Geriatric related diseases
“When the comorbid person is exposed to Covid-19, there is a high enough risk of experiencing severe symptoms,” said Bayu when contacted. Kompas.com, Monday (5/10/2020) afternoon.
Severe symptoms or severe Covid-19 occurs because of the interaction of the effects of Covid-19 with comorbids.
Contacted separately, the Clinical Pathologist who is also Deputy Director of the UNS Hospital, Tonang Dwi Ardyanto, said that, in full, the types of comorbids are in the Decree of the Minister of Health (Kepmenkes) Number 413 Year 2020 and Kepmenkes Number 446 Year 2020
“It’s in Kepmenkes Number 413 Year 2020 and Kepmenkes Number 446 Year 2020,” said Tonang when contacted. Kompas.com, Monday (5/10/2020) afternoon.
Precautions and self-care
With the various risks that may be experienced by patients with comorbidities, Bayu urges people who have comorbidities to take preventive measures.
In addition, it is important to maintain your condition.
“What needs to be paid attention is that people with this comorbid have to be very careful and be more disciplined in wearing masks and keep their distance,” said Bayu.
Meanwhile, if infected, this comorbid patient must be closely monitored.
Previously, the Epidemiologist from Australia’s Griffith University, Dicky Budiman, made the same statement.
According to Dicky, to avoid the worst possibilities, people who have comorbidities should stay at home as much as possible and minimize contact with the outside environment.
Controlled comorbid diseases will reduce the potential for infection, including if the condition does not become severe.
Dicky emphasized that the principles currently adhered to are not only the problem of death from Covid-19, but also the short and long term effects of a very serious viral infection in the body’s organs.