On the shoulders of giants: La Palma will house the largest solar telescope in the world

The Roque de los Muchachos observatory, on the Canary Island of La Palma, will house the European Solar Telescope, the world’s largest instrument for studying our star. Its construction will begin in 2024 and it will be operational in 2029. 16 countries participate in the project, led by the Institutes of Astrophysics of the Canary Islands (IAC) and Andalusia (IAA). With a 4.2m diameter primary mirror, the most advanced equipment and a height of 44m, it will attempt to unravel the mysteries of solar storms and the Sun’s influence on Earth’s climate. We have interviewed louis bellotIAA researcher and coordinator of the CSIC in the project.

With the doctor Peter ChokerWe have remembered the effects and influence of AIDS on performers and songs. Martha Garcia Gonzalo has informed us of an investigation led by the Cancer Research Center (CSIC-University of Salamanca) to identify therapeutic targets in triple negative breast cancer (the most aggressive and lethal), with testimonies from Juan Carlos Montero. Alvaro Martinez del Pozo has dedicated its section “Essential Molecules for Life” to interferon (although we should talk about interferons because 20 different types are known only in humans). They are a group of signaling proteins that are made and released by cells in response to the presence of viruses. Carlos Briones He told us about a study led by the Arizona State University on the universal laws that any ‘biochemical system’ must comply with and that would make it possible to identify and even predict characteristics of life that we do not know about on other worlds. With Jesus Door We have seen one of the oldest accelerators in existence, RHIC (Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider), installed at the Brookhaven National Laboratory, in the state of New York (USA). Javier Cacho He has told us the sad story of the Argentine base Corbeta Uruguay. Built in the South Sandwich archipelago, it was destroyed by the British after the Falklands War. We have reviewed the books “Horizons. A global history of science”, by James Poskett (Critique); “Marie Curie. The lightning that does not stop”, coordinated by Eugenio Manuel Fernández Aguilar (Pinolia); “The end of the world. A story of volcanic eruptions, deadly oceans, and mass extinctions. The past and future apocalypses of the Earth”, by Peter Brannen (Shackleton Books); “Risk analysis”, by David Ríos Insua and Roi Naveiro Flores (CSIC-Catarata); “The eloquence of the sardine. Incredible stories from the underwater world “, by Bill François (Anagram).

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