Obesity has a bad impact on health, here’s how to prevent it

KOMPAS.com – The Ministry of Health (Kemenkes) noted that one in three adults in Indonesia experience obesityand one in five children aged 5-12 years is overweight or obese.

Obesity has become a global epidemic. This disease, which has caused serious health problems and economic impacts, unfortunately has not received serious attention like other health problems.

It is predicted that by 2025, obesity will cost health care more than 1 trillion dollars (approximately Rp. 14 trillion), with 800 million sufferers worldwide.

Also read: Beware Obesity Can Trigger Various Diseases, Here’s How To Prevent It

Head of the Organizational Division of the Indonesian Obesity Study Association (HISOBI) dr. Dicky Levenus Tahapary, Sp.PD-KEMD, PhD said obesity in Indonesia is increasing at an alarming rate.

According to the 2018 Basic Health Research (Riskesdas), the prevalence of obesity among Indonesian adults has almost doubled from 19.1 percent in 2007 to 35.4 percent in 2018.

“We really have to pay attention to this tendency to increase obesity,” said Dr. Dicky in a webinar held by Novo Nordisk Indonesia, Wednesday (30/3/2022).

What is obesity?

According to the definition of the World Health Organization (WHO), obesity is excess body weight, and as an abnormal or excessive accumulation of fat that can impair health.

Health practitioners use BMI (body mass index or body mass index (BMI)) as a screening method, and the clinical diagnosis of obesity is based on an excess of abnormal body fat that impairs health.

“For Indonesians, a BMI at level 25 is included in the overweight category, and a BMI over 27 is declared obese. We can also use waist circumference to assess a person’s risk of developing diseases caused by obesity,” said Dicky.

“A waist size of more than 80 centimeters for women and more than 90 centimeters for men increases the risk of diseases caused by obesity,” he continued.

How to prevent diabetes

In preventing and overcoming obesity, diet plays an important role. Diets that are usually done as part of an effort to lose weight, usually focus on limiting energy to reduce weight.

However, according to clinical nutritionist dr. Cindiawaty J. Pudjiadi, MARS, MS. Sp.GK, that’s not enough. The type of food consumed must also be considered.

“We also have to pay attention to what we eat, not just how much we eat. Reducing effective calories is not just by eating less with the aim of reducing calorie intake as low as possible,” said Dr. Cindiawaty.

In addition, sports activities are also needed to control body weight.

It is said that a sports medicine specialist, Dr. Anita Suryani, Sp.KO, that being physically active can certainly prevent overweight and obesity. However, certain forms of exercise may have a greater impact on body composition.

“What is recommended is moderate intensity and about 40 minutes,” he said.

Obesity is not only an aesthetic problem, continued Anita, but also a serious health problem.

Also read: Beware of Obesity Many Young People Experience, Here’s the Explanation

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