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Nuclear: Europeans launch proceedings against Iran

The sanctions frozen by the nuclear deal could be lifted if no resolution is made.

Thehe three European countries co-signers of the Iranian nuclear agreement (France, Great Britain and Germany) have triggered the dispute settlement mechanism provided for in the text in order to force Tehran to return to honoring its commitments, their leaders have announced. of diplomacy in a joint press release.

“In doing so, our three countries are not joining the campaign to exert maximum pressure against Iran,” he added, suggesting that they did not want to join the United States’ sanctions policy.

JCPOA, what is it?

The Vienna nuclear agreement of July 14, 2015 is better known by the acronym JCPOA (for “Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action” or “Joint Global Action Plan” in French). In the event of non-compliance by Iran, a “dispute resolution” mechanism may be triggered … In this case, the signatories to the agreement (Germany, China, France, United Kingdom, Russia, European Union; the USA withdrew in 2018) may convene a joint commission. The latter has 15 days to decide. If it fails to resolve the situation, the foreign ministers of the member states of the agreement in turn have 15 days to try to act.

For its part, Iran can request a tripartite panel for a parallel investigation. If these remedies are exhausted, the way is open to notification to the United Nations Security Council to find the deadlock. The Security Council then has 30 days to vote on a resolution on the resumption or not of international sanctions against Iran, under the threat of veto by one of the five permanent member states (China, United States, France, United Kingdom United Kingdom and Russia). In the absence of such a resolution within 30 days, the sanctions frozen by the JCPOA are automatically reactivated. What nobody really wants …

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