Ministry of Education and Culture ( Ministry of Education and Culture) called the National Assessment a marker of a paradigm shift in educational evaluation and a part of the Merdeka Learning policy which is also fully supported by President Joko Widodo.
The main objective is to encourage the improvement of the quality of learning and learning outcomes of students. To that end, the Ministry of Education and Culture invited stakeholders to provide input on the plan for implementing the National Assessment in 2021.
Member of the National Education Standards Agency (BSNP) Doni Koesoema said that this National Assessment was an alternative to transforming education at the school to improve the quality of learning, teaching, and the learning environment in educational units.
“Through a more focused assessment, it is hoped that quality improvements and education services can be more effective. Thus the Head of Service must ensure the implementation of the National Assessment in the regions by paying attention to the readiness of infrastructure and the safety of students if the COVID-19 pandemic in their area has not been resolved properly, “said Doni as quoted from the Ministry of Education and Culture’s website, Wednesday (7/10/2020),
3 aspects tested
Minister of Education and Culture (Mendikbud), Nadiem Anwar Makarim said the fundamental change in the National Assessment was no longer evaluating the achievements of individual students, but evaluating and mapping the education system in the form of inputs, processes and results.
The 2021 National Assessment, he explained, is a mapping of the quality of education in all schools, madrasas, and equality programs at the primary and secondary school levels.
The National Assessment consists of three parts, namely:
- Minimum Competency Assessment (AKM)
- Character Survey
- Learning Environment Survey
The Minister of Education and Culture continued, AKM is designed to measure the achievement of students from cognitive learning outcomes, namely literacy and numeracy.
These two aspects of minimum competence are a requirement for students to contribute to society, regardless of the field of work and career they want to pursue in the future.
“The focus on literacy and numeracy skills does not reduce the importance of the subject because it helps students study other fields of science, especially to think and digest information in written form and in numerical form or quantitatively,” explained the Minister of Education and Culture.
Literacy and numeracy skills, continued Mendikbud, are skills that will impact all subjects taught by guru and studied by students.
The second part of the National Assessment is a character survey designed to measure the achievement of students from social-emotional learning outcomes in the form of character pillars to print the Pancasila Student Profile.
“With six main indicators, namely, being faithful and devoted to God Almighty and having noble character, two global diversity, the third being independent, the fourth working together, the fifth critical reasoning, and the sixth creative,” said the Minister of Education and Culture.
The third part of the National Assessment is a survey of the learning environment to evaluate and map the supporting aspects of the quality of learning in the school environment.
Performance evaluation no longer students
The National Assessment in 2021, said the Minister of Education and Culture, is carried out as a baseline map of the real quality of education in the field, so that there are no consequences for schools and students.
“The results of the National Assessment have no consequences for schools, only mapping to know the real conditions,” said the Minister of Education and Culture.
The Ministry of Education and Culture will also assist schools and education offices by providing an assessment report that explains the strength profile and areas of improvement for each school and region.
In fact, Nadiem said that the National Assessment did not require special preparation such as tutoring that could potentially stress students out.
“It is very important to understand, especially by teachers, principals, students, and parents that the National Assessment for 2021 does not require special or additional preparations which will become a psychological burden in itself. Don’t worry, you don’t need special tutoring for the sake of the National Assessment, ”said the Minister of Education and Culture.
For that, continued Nadiem, let’s jointly support the implementation of the National Assessment starting in 2021 as part of Indonesia’s education reform.