Patients were divided into three categories for this study, namely the group of patients who were admitted to the ICU, the group of patients who were admitted to the hospital ward, and finally the group of patients who were able to stay at home but had persistent symptoms who ultimately required a referral from their doctor.
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The study assessed how patients were doing after three months and revealed that patients referred to the after-care clinic by doctors showed the worst recovery in subsequent periods. “The patients were examined with CT scans, pulmonary function tests, and more,” said the study authors, as quoted by the Times Now News page, Monday (30/11).
After three months, the researchers took stock, which revealed that the patient’s lung tissue was recovering well. Residual damage to the network lungs are generally limited and seen most frequently in ICU patients. The most common complaints after three months are fatigue, shortness of breath, and chest pain.
Many people also still experience limitations in their daily lives and a decrease in quality of life. “The patterns we saw in these patients show similarities to recovery after acute pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), in which fluid builds up in the lungs,” said study author Bram van den Borst.
“Recovery from this condition also generally takes a long time. It’s encouraging to see that the lungs after COVID-19 infection show this level of recovery,” added Borst.
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Surprisingly, the research team found almost no abnormalities in the lungs of these patients. “Taking into account the diversity and seriousness of complaints and the reasonable size of this subgroup, there is an urgent need to research more about explanation or treatment options, “concluded Borst.