TEMPO.CO, Jakarta -Has been missing for decades, monkey pox came back with a rash and flu-like symptoms. The disease is spread through contact with infected animals and can also be spread through skin-to-skin contact with an infected person. Not including a dangerous disease, then how to treat monkey smallpox?
Reporting from healthline, until now there is no treatment for monkeypox. However, this disease is self-limiting or means it can be cured without treatment.
Effective Smallpox Vaccine
Several drugs can be used to control and prevent the spread of disease such as vaccinia vaccine which is used for smallpox vaccine, vaccinia immune globulin (VIG) and antiviral drugs given to animals.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the smallpox vaccine is about 85 percent effective at preventing the development of monkeypox. If a person received the smallpox vaccine as a child and contracted the monkeypox virus, the symptoms may be milder.
Since cases of monkeypox are rare, the medical team may suspect other rashes such as measles or chickenpox. But swollen lymph nodes usually distinguish monkeypox from other smallpox.
Quoted from my.levelandclinic.org, to diagnose monkeypox, health care providers will take a tissue sample from an open wound or lesion, and take it to a laboratory for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing. Sometimes it is also necessary to provide a sample of the patient’s blood to check for monkeypox virus.
Monkeypox is usually self-limiting with symptoms lasting from two to four weeks.
Most people with monkeypox get better on their own without treatment. After diagnosis, health care providers will monitor the patient’s condition and try to relieve symptoms, prevent dehydration, and give antibiotics to treat secondary bacterial infections if they develop.
If you have monkeypox symptoms, there are several steps that can help sufferers feel better, such as:
– Taking pain relievers and fever-reducing drugs such as ibuprofen and acetaminophen.
– Wheat bath. Soaking in warm water with colloidal oatmeal can relieve dryness and itching from skin rashes.
– Self-isolate if infected. Avoid contact with other people until all wounds have scabs.
– Cover the wound with gauze or a bandage to limit the spread to other people and the environment.
– Stay home and rest when sick,
– Wear a mask around other people and drink plenty of water.
– Avoid contact with pets (especially rodents).
Such are the steps to deal with monkey pox. Of course prevention is better than cure.
Also read: Monkeypox is on the rise in several countries, so far the dangers